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LLB (Hons)

LLB (Hons)

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3-4 Years 6 Years Lincoln Law School Lincoln Campus [L] Validated BBC (or equivalent qualifications) M100 3-4 Years 6 Years Lincoln Law School Lincoln Campus [L] Validated BBC (112 UCAS Tariff points) (or equivalent qualifications) M100

94%of Lincoln LLB (Hons) Law graduates are in work or further study within six months of finishing this course according to the latest Destinations of Leavers from Higher Education survey (2014/2015), as provided by unistats.com

top10% Law at Lincoln is ranked in the top 10% in the UK for academic support according to the National Student Survey 2017.

Introduction

The LLB (Hons) Law degree can be a popular choice for students looking for an exciting and challenging career. This degree has been designed to encourage students to develop a thorough knowledge of substantive law and to think about law practically. Students have the opportunity to reflect upon policy, and the social, political, ethical, philosophical and cultural contexts in which law operates.

Students may choose areas of law in which they have a particular interest in addition to the core modules. By the end of the course, it is expected that students will have had the opportunity to develop a broad legal education and a deeper understanding of the changing and dynamic nature of law and how it operates in practice.

This course aims to provide students with a sound grasp of the principles of law through the study of subjects such as Law of Contract, Law of Tort, Constitutional Law, European Union Law, Criminal Law, Land Law and Equity and Trusts and Legal Skills.

Is This Course Right For Me?

This course is suitable for students of all ages provided that they have a definite interest in studying law and that they are fully committed towards devoting three years towards the attainment of this degree.

It may provide them with opportunities to further develop their legal career and go on to become a solicitor or barrister, or in other areas depending on their choice of career path. An important focus of the course is to enable the personal development of each individual student.

How You Study

The Law School’s primary mission for teaching and learning is for the teaching staff to support and facilitate independent learning by students. This perhaps supports the view that law is learned more than it is taught. The role of the tutor is to assist students to be independent learners and the main way this role may be fulfilled is by the delivery of the lecture/seminar course.

The Law School, as part of its learning and teaching strategy, aims to ensure that research within the programme team actively informs the teaching and curriculum development of the various modules.

In the first year, students are encouraged to gain an understanding of the context of the English legal system – its origins, history and practices. Students have the opportunity to study constitutional and administrative law, contract law and tort law, whilst developing important practical legal skills such as mooting (simulated court proceedings).

The core modules in the second year are criminal law, European Union law and land law. There are many options from which to choose the rest of their topics, which may include environmental law, intelligence and security law and company law.

In the final year, students can study equity and trusts and have the opportunity to select further modules from options which may include consumer law, employment law, law of evidence, family law, international law, and writing a dissertation.

Lectures

Lectures aim to provide a guide to a topic, highlighting important areas and providing information on matters that may not be readily available from other sources. The lecturer will also point out areas of difficulty where the law may be in some way problematic, contentious, unsettled or unclear.

Seminars

Seminars are normally held once a week for each module. The seminars are designed to provide an opportunity for students to consolidate their learning. Seminars aim to provide a forum for discussion and debate and are usually based on the preparation of an answer to a problem or a discussion topic. This approach encourages students not only to acquire legal knowledge but also to develop their understanding of problem solving, analysis and evaluation. The importance of careful preparation for seminars and, in particular, the reviewing and analysis of primary and secondary sources of information is stressed to students throughout. From the outset of the course, students have the opportunity to start to develop their research skills, particularly in the Legal System and Skills module.

E-seminars

The course approach to teaching and learning will be enhanced through the use of E-seminars. E-seminars are currently used in the Contract Law Level One module. The E-seminars take place in an IT lab. Students work in small groups and they are given the task to construct and present a legal argument based on the topic discussed the previous week in the lecture. The students must construct their arguments using a variety of materials, both primary and secondary sources, to be found electronically under a time constraint.

Contact Hours and Reading for a Degree

Students on this programme learn from academic staff who are often engaged in world-leading or internationally excellent research or professional practice. Contact time can be in workshops, practical sessions, seminars or lectures and may vary from module to module and from academic year to year. Tutorial sessions and project supervision can take the form of one-to-one engagement or small group sessions. Some courses offer the opportunity to take part in external visits and fieldwork.

It is still the case that students read for a degree and this means that in addition to scheduled contact hours, students are required to engage in independent study. This allows you to read around a subject and to prepare for lectures and seminars through wider reading, or to complete follow up tasks such as assignments or revision. As a general guide, the amount of independent study required by students at the University of Lincoln is that for every hour in class you are expected to spend at least two to three hours in independent study.

How You Are Assessed

A variety of assessment methods are used to test subject knowledge and understanding.

Examinations include traditional unseen papers and pre-released problem questions.

In addition to examinations, students are assessed by coursework which takes the form of assignments, mooting, individual and group presentations and workbooks. Written assignments may be in the form of an in-depth case study, an essay or writing a review. Coursework provides students with an opportunity to gauge how they are coping with various subject areas and levels of study before having to sit an examination.

These methods of assessment allow students to show how they have acquired both legal knowledge and the ability to think critically about the subject. But also, they allow the student to reflect on the feedback given for an assessed piece of work and to think of ways to improve the quality of their work before they sit an examination at the end of the academic year or attempt another piece of coursework.

The assessment regime also allows students to demonstrate the acquisition of key skills. Written assignments allow students to demonstrate their ability to select, interpret and summarise legal sources. In addition, students' written assignments, as well as examinations, allow them to show that they have developed their literacy and proficiency in the use of technical legal language as well as having developed their ability to produce a sound argument based on coherence and logic. The development of oral skills and the ability to be persuasive are assessed through presentations and mooting.

Assessment Feedback

The University of Lincoln's policy on assessment feedback aims to ensure that academics will return in-course assessments to students promptly – usually within 15 working days after the submission date (unless stated differently above)..

Methods of Assessment

The way students are assessed on this course may vary for each module. Examples of assessment methods that are used include coursework, such as written assignments, reports or dissertations; practical exams, such as presentations, performances or observations; and written exams, such as formal examinations or in-class tests. The weighting given to each assessment method may vary across each academic year. The University of Lincoln aims to ensure that staff return in-course assessments to students promptly.

What We Look For In Your Application

Curiosity, energy, interest and enthusiasm for the subject of law and commitment to successful completion of the three year course. The study of law at A Level is not essential.

No specific skills are required but an interest and curiosity about the subject of law is important.

The course is contemporary and practical in the sense it does require a great deal of participation in seminars and problem-based learning.

Excellent communication skills will be vital for the successful student.

Staff

Throughout this degree, students may receive tuition from professors, senior lecturers, lecturers, researchers, practitioners, visiting experts or technicians, and they may be supported in their learning by other students.

For a comprehensive list of teaching staff, please see our Lincoln Law School Staff Pages.

Entry Requirements 2017-18

GCE Advanced Levels: BBC

International Baccalaureate: 29 points overall

BTEC Extended Diploma: Distinction, Merit, Merit

Access to Higher Education Diploma: A minimum of 45 level 3 credits at merit or above will be required.

Applicants will also be required to have at least five GCSEs at grade C or above (or the equivalent), including English.

We encourage applications from mature students and we will give special individual consideration to those who in this category and do not meet the standard entry requirements.

If you would like further information about entry requirements, or would like to discuss whether the qualifications you are currently studying are acceptable, please contact the Admissions team on 01522 886097, or email admissions@lincoln.ac.uk.

Level 1

Constitutional and Administrative Law (Core)

This module aims to examine the principles and operation of the British Constitution and system of government. In particular, it is concerned with “the law about government', and the relationship between the institutions of government and between government and the citizen. The module is designed to introduce key legal and political concepts and to foster critical appraisal of legal rules and of the institutions and processes of government, and the legal and political constraints placed upon the exercise of governmental power.

The study of Administrative Law is designed to provide a critical understanding of the extent of judicial control on governmental bodies through an examination of the law of judicial review.

Contract Law (Core)

The aim of this module is to introduce students to general principles of contract law. The module aims to develop an understanding of enforceable civil law obligations based on agreements and, in doing so, is designed to complement civil law obligations in respect of tortious wrongs covered by the Tort Law module.

The modules aims to provide a sound grounding in the general principles of contract law which may equip students to deal with those legal subjects which are based on contract and which are subsequently encountered in their legal studies. Although there is general academic agreement on what constitutes the substantive content of the law of contract, in any year of operation due emphasis will be given to issues of current concern.

Students will also have the opportunity to be introduced in this module to the civil process and they can be given an overview of the various stages in bringing an action for breach of contract up to and including the courts and the benefits of settling a contractual dispute through some form of alternative dispute resolution such as arbitration. As with the study of any legal subject, students will be encouraged to engage in intellectual development and to develop transferable skills.

Legal Systems and Skills (Core)

This module assumes no prior knowledge of law. It aims to introduce students to legal thinking both in terms of philosophy of law and also how judicial decisions are made. Students will have the opportunity to develop an understanding of the history of the English Legal System and its modern operation and processes.

Students have the opportunity to be introduced to human rights as a cornerstone of the English legal system and also look at other legal systems by way of comparison. This module also aims to provide students with the opportunity to develop the skills necessary, such as legal research and construction of arguments, to be successful in their degree and subsequent career. The legal profession can be examined as well as consideration of legal ethics.

Tort Law (Core)

This module aims to introduce students to the general principles of civil liability for tortious wrongs and complements the Contract Law module. The module aims to examine the different forms of liability attaching to the main torts and the principles upon which liability is based in such areas as negligence, nuisance, liability for escapes, trespass and defamation by adopting a contemporary approach to the study of this subject.

The relationship between common law, legislation and judicial policy will be highlighted during examination of this subject. This module aims to contribute to the development of the student’s skills in legal analysis and problem solving as well as their research and reasoning skills. Students will have the opportunity to be introduced to the ‘compensation culture’ and how compensation claims are dealt with; CFAs and problems associated with bringing personal injury claims.

Level 2

Animal Law and Ethics (Option)

A primary aim of a taught Animal Law and Ethics Module is to introduce students to the diffuse sources of animal law, namely: the civil law of Torts and statutory strict liability; criminal law; environmental law; and European Union law. National and EU animal welfare law and policy, together with the regulatory agencies set up to protect animals from unnecessary suffering and to ensure their well-being will be appraised critically. Students will receive an introduction to animal ethics and, in context, will assess the law and ethics underpinning the use of animals as companions and in scientific experimentation.

Company Law (Option)

This module is designed to give students an introductory insight into the structure and management of companies and the financial aspects of company management. An aim of the module is to examine the theoretical and practical basis of company regulation within the perspective of ownership and control of companies and students have the opportunity to be introduced to the legal relationship between directors, shareholders, creditors and employees. Some financial aspects of company law.

Criminal Law (Core)

This module aims to introduce students to the general principles of English Criminal Law, with particular emphasis on the essential elements of a crime, namely 'actus reus' and 'mens rea', strict, vicarious and corporate liability and the defences. But also to the nature of liability in relation to offences against the person, for example, murder, manslaughter, assault and battery, sexual offences and offences in relation to property, for example, theft, fraud and criminal damage can be analysed. This module is designed to provide students with the opportunity to develop an understanding of the relationship between criminal and civil law and introduce them to the criminal justice system.

Environmental Law (Option)

The Environmental Law module aims to introduce students to the concepts, principles and sources of environmental law. It aims to address the questions of what constitutes the environment, what are environmental problems and what is environmental law.

Students have the opportunity to develop an understanding of substantive environmental law, through the study of the law regulating: the protection of air against pollution and climate change; water pollution and quality; waste management; environmental permitting; contaminated land; and nature conservation.

European Union Law (Core)

The aim of the European Union Law module is to develop students' understanding of the Constitution and Institutions of the European Union and, in particular, the constitutional principles, the administrative and procedural law, and substantive policies of the European Union.

Students will be given the opportunity to develop an understanding of the relationship between European Union law and national law; and to appraise the principles of supremacy and direct effect, and the principles of interpretation and Member State liability. The role and jurisdiction of the Court of Justice of the European Union can be examined concerning enforcement, preliminary rulings and judicial review.

Students will have the opportunity to develop an understanding of substantive European Union law through the study of the free movement of goods and workers; the freedom to move and reside of citizens of the Union; social policy and equality of treatment and pay in employment; and, in an area of freedom, justice and security, the European arrest warrant and migration and asylum issues.

Freedom of Expression (Option)

This module builds on the study of human rights at Level One, looking in depth at the particular issue of freedom of expression, and the way in which it is controlled in English law. The philosophical and political arguments surrounding the topic will be touched on at the start of the module, but the main focus will be on the legal controls of particular areas. A critical analysis of the justification for and appropriateness of the limitations will be encouraged.

Human Rights Law in a Global Context (Option)

This module is designed to introduce students to a fast-growing and controversial subject through a detailed and comparative account of the nature and development of the protection of human rights at an international and national level. An overarching theme is to place the emergence, location and meaning of human rights in its global context. It aims to engage in a critical analysis of human rights philosophical and historical foundations, seeks to look at the post-1945 development of international and regional systems for protection of human rights and aims to examine how the European Convention on Human Rights has been incorporated into English law.

Human Rights Law in the UK (Option)

This module aims to explore a fast-growing and controversial subject through a detailed examination of the nature and development of human rights as a concept, and their protection at the national level. It starts by providing students with the opportunity to consider the concept of “rights”, and human rights in particular, drawing on political and philosophical analyses. The module aims to look at the protection of human rights in the UK via the Human Rights Act 1998. The module is devoted to a critical analysis of a range of rights and the extent to which they are recognised and protected within the United Kingdom.

Intellectual Property Law (Option)

Intellectual Property law protects various forms of human creations or inventions of the mind. This module will look at the principal areas of intellectual property law, namely patents, designs, trademarks and copyright law. Each area has its own discrete set of legal rules for the creation, ownership and infringement of the rights in question. The module will look at the requirements for obtaining protection, the scope of that protection and the limits to that protection. Intellectual Property rights are often the most valuable assets owned by a business. Businesses are extremely concerned about protecting these assets both nationally and internationally. Students are expected to develop an understanding of the relevant statutes and case law surrounding the protection of these inventive and original works.

Intelligence and Security Law (Option)

This module aims to complement the study of topics such as human rights and police powers by providing students with the opportunity to examine a number of similar themes but from the less-explored point of view of the State and the exercise of its powers to protect itself. The module also aims to consider the law relating to the intelligence services and surveillance, and seeks to introduce students to certain International Law principles and issues and their impact in the UK. The examination of topical case studies aims to enable students to analyse and apply relevant law and constitutional principles to contemporary issues of UK security, and to develop awareness of their practical and everyday function.

Jurisprudence (Option)

This modules aims to examine the underpinning philosophy and theories of law. Students have the opportunity to be introduced to the nature of jurisprudence and its terminology. Major theories of jurisprudential thought, for example natural law, utilitarianism and positivism can be explored. The nature and role of law within society can also be examined along with the concepts of justice and morality, the social contract, as well as the philosophical foundations of various common law principles.

Land Law (Core)

The aim of this module is to develop an in-depth knowledge of the complex subject of land law. Students will have the opportunity to explore the property rights which can exist with respect to land law and the relationships that individuals and organisations have with each other and with the state. Students can consider freehold and leasehold estates, and registration of land.

The nature of legal and equitable rights can be identified with the concept of a trust. Students will have the opportunity to study how property rights can be acquired, how they may need protection, and how they may be alienated. Third party interests in land, such as easements, covenants and mortgages, can also be examined. There will also be an opportunity to consider the obligations existing as between landlord and tenant in leases.

Medical Law and Ethics (Option)

This module is designed to firstly develop and expand on issues of negligence and personal autonomy (assault and consent) first encountered by students in tort law at level 1 and dealt with in this module in the clinical context. Building on this, the module will aim to consider the regulation of clinical practice; and the interface between the law, ethics and regulation focusing on emerging areas of difficulty. Both caselaw, statute law, regulations and current matters of media and policy controversy can be considered.

Model United Nations (Option)

This module is designed to provide an introduction to the activities of the United Nations, as well as an understanding of the practices of international diplomacy and governance. The module will aim to use a discussion of contemporary international issues to explore some of the protocol and procedures of diplomacy. It will also seek to provide students with an introduction to issues of international organisation and international law and treaty-making. All of this is designed to assist students in preparing for their role as a 'diplomat' at a Model United Nations conference.

Police Powers (Option)

This module aims to explore the powers of the police in England and Wales. It seeks to look at the ways in which the police forces are organised and the different national agencies that operate in the area (such as the Serious Fraud Office, and the Serious Organised Crime Agency). The human rights context can also be examined. Students have the opportunity to be taken through the various stages of policing from stop and search to charge. The module concludes by providing students with the opportunity to consider the ways in which police powers can be challenged.

Sale of Goods (Option)

The aim of this module is to explore the law relating to the sale of goods in its commercial context. Through the study of the legal principles students have the opportunity to develop an appreciation of the ways in which the rules provide an extension to the basic general rules of contract. Students can analyse the legislation and relevant case law concerning contracts for the sale of goods and apply the relevant principles to factual situations.

Study Abroad (Option)

Lincoln Law School believes that an option to study overseas is a valuable educational opportunity for our students. The optional year is intended to:

  • enable students to benefit from studying within a cross cultural environment;
  • expose students to a wider academic and cultural experience;
  • enhance future employment opportunities;
  • increase cultural and professional mobility.

This module is optional for students within Lincoln Law School. Study Abroad is a year long module which enables students to spend a year studying abroad at one of the University’s approved partner institutions. Eligible students must have completed their second year of study to a satisfactory standard and successfully completed the application process for the year abroad. During the year spent abroad, students share classes with local students and study on a suite of locally-delivered taught modules which have been approved in advance by the University. Upon their return, as part of the assessment for this modules, students are required to critically reflect upon their experience of living and studying in a different cultural environment and the skills acquired.

Level 3

Analysing the Policy Process (Option)

Aiming to build upon Understanding the Policy Process, this module is designed to support students not only to continue to develop their knowledge of a range of perspectives on the policy process but, in addition, to use these to analyse a case study relevant to their degree programme.

Community and Conflict 1 (Option)

This module is all about communities, in particular, communities that are poor, disadvantaged, isolated or 'socially excluded'. In recent years, interest has been re-awakened in the whole idea of community and in what sorts of policies might be most effective in helping communities and solving their problems. This module aims to look critically at all these beliefs and seeks to come to conclusions about their validity.

Community and Conflict 2 (Option)

Community and Conflict II aims to focus on the application of theory, concepts and perspectives developed in Community and Conflict I to particular areas of public policy making including policy implementation.

Consumer Law (Option)

The aim of this module is to give students the opportunity to explore what has been described as a dynamic area of law. The module seeks to examine specific areas of consumer law, much of which has been influenced by the rapid expansion of consumer law legislation emanating from the European Union. The module gives students the opportunity to explore the intricacies, any inconsistencies, and issues of policy involved in particular areas of consumer protection law.

Employment Law (Option)

Employment law is a complicated yet dynamic area of study subject to rapid and constant change. The aim of this module is to examine critically the sources and institutions of employment law which attempt to regulate and support relations between employers and employees.

The study of this module will also give the students an opportunity to appreciate the impact of European Law and Human Rights Law on UK national law in this area. The module seeks to concentrate on the employment relationship, issues of discrimination in the workplace, equal pay, equality in the workplace and termination of employment. Further, this module provides students with an opportunity to develop not only knowledge and understanding of the technical law relating to aspects of employment but also the opportunity to examine ethical, contemporary and perhaps controversial issues in this field.

Equity and Trusts (Core)

The aim of this module is to provide students with an opportunity to build on skills they are expected to have developed in the previous two years through other subjects such as legal reasoning and problem solving. Initially, students can be introduced to the doctrine, maxims and remedies of Equity but the main emphasis will be upon the nature of a trust which has always been the principal concern of Equity.

The classification, nature and creation of various types of express and implied trusts can be considered together with the appointment, powers and duties of trustees. The law relating to charitable trusts may also be examined and the module aims to conclude with an investigation of the implications of a breach of trust.

Family Law (Option)

This module aims to examine the law in England and Wales relating to the family and in particular the law on marriage, divorce, cohabiting couples, financial and property rights, and rights and duties relating to children. This module seeks to provide students with an interest in this area the opportunity to develop a detailed understanding of the practical law relating to the family and to examine ethical issues and the wider policy considerations that lie behind it.

Human Rights (Law) (Option)

This module aims to explore human rights through a detailed examination of the nature and development of them as a concept, and their protection at international, regional and national level. It seeks to consider the concept of 'rights', and human rights in particular, drawing on political and philosophical analyses. It then moves to consideration of the framework of international laws and procedures that operate at global and regional level to protect human rights.

International Law (Option)

The aim of this module is to introduce students to the dynamic, constantly evolving area of international law. Students will have the opportunity to study legal rules which operate in a much broader theatre than national law, with the aim of helping them develop a greater understanding of a changing world order. The module seeks to examine both theoretical and practical applications of International Law and aims to provide students with ample scope for research and independent study.

Law Clinic (Option)

The module enables students to experience law in practice, applying their legal knowledge and research skills to factual legal problems in a clinical setting.

Students will interview real clients, research both legal and practical solutions to the issues identified in order to achieve the clients’ goals and will advise accordingly, in writing, on the options available.

The module is designed to provide students with an opportunity to take their legal knowledge out of the classroom and to give them an insight into how their theoretical studies relate to the practical application of law. The module aims to develop practical lawyerly skills (interviewing, writing and presentation skills).

Selection for the module will be based predominately on level 2 grades and attendance. Depending upon demand, written submissions and/or interviews may be considered.

Law Dissertation (Option)

The Law Dissertation module aims to provide the student with an opportunity to undertake a substantial piece of investigative academic work on a chosen area of law or a law-related topic. The dissertation may develop ideas encountered in other modules or it may be concerned with matters outside such modules. The end product, a piece of written work approximately 12,500 words in length, should demonstrate, in the context of existing knowledge, understanding, critical analysis and original thinking as well as general academic and communication skills.

In addition to providing academic opportunities, the dissertation is also designed to provide the student with the opportunity to develop practical skills such as (depending on the topic and methodology adopted) interviewing technique, questionnaire design and information retrieval. The language of submission of the dissertation will be English language for all students.

Law in Practice (Option)

The module is designed to provide students with an opportunity to evaluate the political and sociological issues affecting the practice of law and how law can operate as a business.

In recent years, law firms have faced many challenges, for instance:

  • Firms have been subjected to increasing regulation in the form of money laundering requirements, and outcome based regulation, whilst others have seen the latter as a relaxation of standards.
  • Newcomers to the legal marketplace, with the advent of ‘Alternative Business Structures’ have challenged the traditional delivery of legal services.
  • The drastic reduction of public funding for cases (legal aid) has stifled the cash flow of many high street practices and medium size practices which had based its business model on that particular income stream.
  • Leading firms have faced insolvency, a situation almost unheard of before the current decade.
  • Increasing fees in Courts and Employment Tribunals have reduced the availability of claimant work.
  • Direct public access to Counsel challenges the traditional solicitor/barrister partnership model.

Students will be encouraged to view legal practice in a business and regulatory context and develop commercial awareness around the practical pressures and difficulties faced by firms operating in the current legal market place.

Law of Evidence (Option)

This module aims to complement the substantive modules of the law degree course, and the litigation processes covered in the common law subjects. Although in the main it aims to concentrate on criminal evidence, the rules relating to civil evidence may be examined where appropriate. The rules on admissibility of evidence and judicial discretion aim to supplement the Criminal Law module students will have the opportunity to make a contrast between exclusionary rules in criminal and civil law.

Law of Succession (Option)

This module is designed to introduce students to the law in England and Wales relating to wills, intestacies, the administration of estates and tax planning. The module aims to place a strong emphasis on the practical application of relevant law to factual situations and on the effect of such application upon the interests of the parties involved.

Law of Tort (Option)

This module aims to introduce students to the general principles of civil liability for tortious wrongs. It is designed to complement the Contract Law module which is taught at Level One. The Law of Tort is predominantly a common law subject although there are certain statute based torts which are covered by the module.

Law Placement (Option)

This module enables students to experience law in a workplace setting. Students can either arrange their own suitable work experience (one half day per week or equivalent, as agreed in advance with module co-ordinators) or will be allocated a placement by the module coordinator.

Students will be expected to evaluate the workplace structure and the key roles within it. Students will have the opportunity to consider any regulatory impacts on the organisation (including the roles of the Compliance Officers for Legal Practice (COLPs) and for Finance and Administration (COFAs), where relevant), the recruitment and marketing policies, as well as exploring the application of theoretical legal knowledge to on-going legal problems.

Preparing for Working with Children and Young People (Option)

This module aims to support the development of professional expertise to work effectively with children, young people and their families. It is designed to focus on key aspects of law and policy, exploring some of the debates of applying these and examines current issues in childcare practice. Core themes are maintaining a focus on the child and accountability.

Understanding the Policy Process (Option)

This module is designed to focus upon the processes of policy making and implementation at both practical and theoretical levels. It aims to provide students with an introduction to a variety of models of policy making and seeks to discuss the complexities of the distribution of power and decision making, primarily, but not limited to, the field of social policy.

†The availability of optional modules may vary from year to year and will be subject to minimum student numbers being achieved. This means that the availability of specific optional modules cannot be guaranteed. Optional module selection may also be affected by staff availability.

Special Features

The aim of all courses in the Law School is to produce independent, enquiring and knowledgeable graduates. They should enjoy learning, be enterprising, employable, self-aware, be able to take career and other opportunities in life and to make a positive contribution to society.

There will be opportunities outside of seminars to participate in mooting and negotiation competitions either in the University or nationally through the student Law Society. Later in their study, there is also a chance to take part in the Law Clinic, where students have the opportunity to give pro bono advice on legal problems under supervision.

Placements

The School has extensive links with the local legal profession through a professional mentoring scheme and other initiatives.

Students are encouraged to obtain placements in industry independently. Placements can range from a few weeks to a full year. Students are responsible for their own travel, accommodation and general living costs while on placement.

Study Abroad

There is an optional study abroad year between years two and three. Students are responsible for their own travel, accommodation and general living costs.

Student as Producer

Student as Producer is a model of teaching and learning that encourages academics and undergraduate students to collaborate on research activities. It is a programme committed to learning through doing.

The Student as Producer initiative was commended by the QAA in our 2012 review and is one of the teaching and learning features that makes the Lincoln experience unique.

Facilities

Lincoln Law School is based in the award-winning David Chiddick Building alongside Lincoln Business School. The building provides students with teaching and learning spaces, including lecture theatres, workshop rooms, IT laboratories, a purpose built moot court and a café.

At Lincoln, we constantly invest in our campus as we aim to provide the best learning environment for our undergraduates. Whatever the area of study, the University strives to ensure students have access to specialist equipment and resources, to develop the skills, which they may need in their future career.

View our campus pages [www.lincoln.ac.uk/home/campuslife/ourcampus/] to learn more about our teaching and learning facilities.

Career Opportunities

Law graduates have career prospects, both in and out of the legal profession. Some pursue paths to become either barristers or solicitors, while others take up roles as legal executive or advisors. The Lincoln Law School's connection with legal practice provides opportunities for engagement with practising solicitors and other professionals. Some students go on to further study at a postgraduate level.

Careers Service

The University Careers and Employability Team offer qualified advisors who can work with students to provide tailored, individual support and careers advice during their time at the University. As a member of our alumni we also offer one-to-one support in the first year after completing a course, including access to events, vacancy information and website resources; with access to online vacancies and virtual resources for the following two years.

This service can include one-to-one coaching, CV advice and interview preparation to help you maximise our graduates future opportunities.

The service works closely with local, national and international employers, acting as a gateway to the business world.

Visit our Careers Service pages for further information. [http://www.lincoln.ac.uk/home/campuslife/studentsupport/careersservice/]

Additional Costs

For each course students may find that there are additional costs. These may be with regard to the specific clothing, materials or equipment required, depending on their subject area. Some courses provide opportunities for students to undertake field work or field trips. Where these are compulsory, the cost for the travel, accommodation and meals may be covered by the University and so is included in the fee. Where these are optional students will normally (unless stated otherwise) be required to pay their own transportation, accommodation and meal costs.

With regards to text books, the University provides students who enrol with a comprehensive reading list and our extensive library holds either material or virtual versions of the core texts that students are required to read. However, students may prefer to purchase some of these for themselves and will therefore be responsible for this cost. Where there may be exceptions to this general rule, information will be displayed in a section titled Other Costs below.

Related Courses

Lincoln’s Criminology degree is designed to enable students to develop and apply an understanding of the complex nature of crime, punishment and justice. Alternative solutions to crime prevention are examined, and the impact of crime on society is investigated.
This combination offers students the opportunity to study for a law degree while also having the chance to develop a deeper understanding about the causes and consequences of crime.
This BA (Hons) Politics degree examines domestic and global politics, political theory and international relations. Students have the opportunity to explore the big political issues of the day in Britain and around the globe, and study the social and theoretical contexts which underpin these developments.
This degree combines a detailed exploration of political ideas, institutions and processes with an in-depth analysis of how policies are developed and implemented to deal with the social problems at the national and supranational level.

Introduction

The LLB (Hons) Law degree can be a popular choice for students looking for an exciting and challenging career. This degree covers core principles of the English legal system including criminal law, constitutional law and European Union law, and supports students to develop important legal skills.

Lincoln’s LLB (Hons) Law degree has been designed to offer a fascinating and challenging programme of study, which can act as the first step towards a career in the legal profession. It aims to provide students with the key skills and knowledge which will enable them to go on and study towards qualifications as barristers or solicitors, should they choose to do so.

Students have the opportunity to reflect upon policy, and the social, political, ethical, philosophical and cultural contexts in which law operates. Students may choose areas of law in which they have a particular interest in addition to the core modules. By the end of the course, it is expected that students will have had the opportunity to develop a broad legal education and a deeper understanding of the changing and dynamic nature of law and how it operates in practice.

Is This Course Right For Me?

This course is suitable for students of all ages provided that they have a definite interest in studying law and that they are fully committed towards devoting three years towards the attainment of this degree.

It may provide them with opportunities to further develop their legal career and go on to become a solicitor or barrister, or in other areas depending on their choice of career path. An important focus of the course is to enable the personal development of each individual student.

How You Study

In the first year, students are encouraged to gain an understanding of the context of the English legal system – its origins, history and practices. Students have the opportunity to study constitutional and administrative law, contract law and tort law, whilst developing important practical legal skills such as mooting (simulated court proceedings).

The core modules in the second year are Criminal Law, European Union Law and Land Law. Students can also choose areas of law in which they have a particular interest, in addition to the core modules. There are many options from which to choose, these may include Environmental Law, Intelligence and Security Law and Company Law.

In the final year, students can learn about equity and trusts and have the opportunity to select further modules which may include Consumer Law, Employment Law, Law of Evidence, Law in Practice, and International Law. Students also have the option of writing a dissertation or having their voluntary work in the student-led Law Clinic recognised by undertaking a formal, assessed module.

Lectures

Lectures aim to provide a guide to a topic, highlighting important areas and providing information on matters that may not be readily available from other sources. The lecturer will also point out areas of difficulty where the law may be in some way problematic, contentious, unsettled or unclear.

Seminars

Seminars are normally held once a week for each module. The seminars are designed to provide an opportunity for students to consolidate their learning. Seminars provide a forum for discussion and debate and are usually based on the preparation of an answer to a problem or a discussion topic. This approach encourages students not only to acquire legal knowledge but also to develop their understanding of problem solving, analysis and evaluation. The importance of careful preparation for seminars and, in particular, the reviewing and analysis of primary and secondary sources of information is stressed to students throughout. From the outset of the course, students have the opportunity to start to develop their research skills, particularly in the Legal System and Skills module.

E-seminars

The course approach to teaching and learning is enhanced through the use of E-seminars. E-seminars are currently used in the Contract Law Level One module. The E-seminars take place in an IT lab. Students work in small groups and they are given the task to construct and present a legal argument based on the topic discussed the previous week in the lecture. The students must construct their arguments using a variety of materials, both primary and secondary sources, to be found electronically under a time constraint.

Contact Hours and Reading for a Degree

Students on this programme learn from academic staff who are often engaged in world-leading or internationally excellent research or professional practice. Contact time can be in workshops, practical sessions, seminars or lectures and may vary from module to module and from academic year to year. Tutorial sessions and project supervision can take the form of one-to-one engagement or small group sessions. Some courses offer the opportunity to take part in external visits and fieldwork.

It is still the case that students read for a degree and this means that in addition to scheduled contact hours, students are required to engage in independent study. This allows you to read around a subject and to prepare for lectures and seminars through wider reading, or to complete follow up tasks such as assignments or revision. As a general guide, the amount of independent study required by students at the University of Lincoln is that for every hour in class you are expected to spend at least two to three hours in independent study.

How You Are Assessed

A variety of assessment methods are used to test subject knowledge and understanding. Examinations include traditional unseen papers.

In addition to examinations, students are assessed by coursework which takes the form of assignments, mooting, individual and group presentations and workbooks. Written assignments may be in the form of an in-depth case study, an essay or writing a review. Coursework provides students with an opportunity to gauge how they are coping with various subject areas and levels of study before having to sit an examination.

These methods of assessment allow students to show how they have acquired both legal knowledge and the ability to think critically about the subject. But also, they allow the student to reflect on the feedback given for an assessed piece of work and to think of ways to improve the quality of their work before they sit an examination at the end of the academic year or attempt another piece of coursework.

The assessment regime also allows students to demonstrate the acquisition of key skills. Written assignments allow students to demonstrate their ability to select, interpret and summarise legal sources. In addition, students' written assignments, as well as examinations, allow them to show that they have developed their literacy and proficiency in the use of technical legal language as well as having developed their ability to produce a sound argument based on coherence and logic. The development of oral skills and the ability to be persuasive are assessed through presentations and mooting.

Assessment Feedback

The University of Lincoln's policy on assessment feedback aims to ensure that academics will return in-course assessments to students promptly – usually within 15 working days after the submission date (unless stated differently above)..

Methods of Assessment

The way students are assessed on this course may vary for each module. Examples of assessment methods that are used include coursework, such as written assignments, reports or dissertations; practical exams, such as presentations, performances or observations; and written exams, such as formal examinations or in-class tests. The weighting given to each assessment method may vary across each academic year. The University of Lincoln aims to ensure that staff return in-course assessments to students promptly.

What We Look For In Your Application

Curiosity, energy, interest and enthusiasm for the subject of law and commitment to successful completion of the three year course. The study of law at A Level is not essential.

No specific skills are required but an interest and curiosity about the subject of law is important.

The course is contemporary and practical in the sense it does require a great deal of participation in seminars and problem-based learning.

Excellent communication skills will be vital for the successful student.

Staff

Throughout this degree, students may receive tuition from professors, senior lecturers, lecturers, researchers, practitioners, visiting experts or technicians, and they may be supported in their learning by other students.

For a comprehensive list of teaching staff, please see our Lincoln Law School Staff Pages.

Entry Requirements 2018-19

GCE Advanced Levels: BBC

International Baccalaureate: 29 points overall

BTEC Extended Diploma: Distinction, Merit, Merit

Access to Higher Education Diploma: A minimum of 45 level 3 credits, to include 30 at merit or above.

Applicants will also be required to have at least five GCSEs at grade C or above (or the equivalent), including English.

We encourage applications from mature students and we will give special individual consideration to those who in this category and do not meet the standard entry requirements.

If you would like further information about entry requirements, or would like to discuss whether the qualifications you are currently studying are acceptable, please contact the Admissions team on 01522 886097, or email admissions@lincoln.ac.uk.

Level 1

Constitutional and Administrative Law (Core)

This module aims to examine the principles and operation of the British Constitution and system of government. In particular, it is concerned with “the law about government', and the relationship between the institutions of government and between government and the citizen. The module is designed to introduce key legal and political concepts and to foster critical appraisal of legal rules and of the institutions and processes of government, and the legal and political constraints placed upon the exercise of governmental power.

The study of Administrative Law is designed to provide a critical understanding of the extent of judicial control on governmental bodies through an examination of the law of judicial review.

Contract Law (Core)

The aim of this module is to introduce students to general principles of contract law. The module aims to develop an understanding of enforceable civil law obligations based on agreements and, in doing so, is designed to complement civil law obligations in respect of tortious wrongs covered by the Tort Law module.

The modules aims to provide a sound grounding in the general principles of contract law which may equip students to deal with those legal subjects which are based on contract and which are subsequently encountered in their legal studies. Although there is general academic agreement on what constitutes the substantive content of the law of contract, in any year of operation due emphasis will be given to issues of current concern.

Students will also have the opportunity to be introduced in this module to the civil process and they can be given an overview of the various stages in bringing an action for breach of contract up to and including the courts and the benefits of settling a contractual dispute through some form of alternative dispute resolution such as arbitration. As with the study of any legal subject, students will be encouraged to engage in intellectual development and to develop transferable skills.

Legal Systems and Skills (Core)

This module assumes no prior knowledge of law. It aims to introduce students to legal thinking both in terms of philosophy of law and also how judicial decisions are made. Students will have the opportunity to develop an understanding of the history of the English Legal System and its modern operation and processes.

Students have the opportunity to be introduced to human rights as a cornerstone of the English legal system and also look at other legal systems by way of comparison. This module also aims to provide students with the opportunity to develop the skills necessary, such as legal research and construction of arguments, to be successful in their degree and subsequent career. The legal profession can be examined as well as consideration of legal ethics.

Tort Law (Core)

This module aims to introduce students to the general principles of civil liability for tortious wrongs and complements the Contract Law module. The module aims to examine the different forms of liability attaching to the main torts and the principles upon which liability is based in such areas as negligence, nuisance, liability for escapes, trespass and defamation by adopting a contemporary approach to the study of this subject.

The relationship between common law, legislation and judicial policy will be highlighted during examination of this subject. This module aims to contribute to the development of the student’s skills in legal analysis and problem solving as well as their research and reasoning skills. Students will have the opportunity to be introduced to the ‘compensation culture’ and how compensation claims are dealt with; CFAs and problems associated with bringing personal injury claims.

Level 2

Animal Law and Ethics (Option)

A primary aim of a taught Animal Law and Ethics Module is to introduce students to the diffuse sources of animal law, namely: the civil law of Torts and statutory strict liability; criminal law; environmental law; and European Union law. National and EU animal welfare law and policy, together with the regulatory agencies set up to protect animals from unnecessary suffering and to ensure their well-being will be appraised critically. Students will receive an introduction to animal ethics and, in context, will assess the law and ethics underpinning the use of animals as companions and in scientific experimentation.

Company Law (Option)

This module is designed to give students an introductory insight into the structure and management of companies and the financial aspects of company management. An aim of the module is to examine the theoretical and practical basis of company regulation within the perspective of ownership and control of companies and students have the opportunity to be introduced to the legal relationship between directors, shareholders, creditors and employees. Some financial aspects of company law.

Criminal Law (Core)

This module aims to introduce students to the general principles of English Criminal Law, with particular emphasis on the essential elements of a crime, namely 'actus reus' and 'mens rea', strict, vicarious and corporate liability and the defences. But also to the nature of liability in relation to offences against the person, for example, murder, manslaughter, assault and battery, sexual offences and offences in relation to property, for example, theft, fraud and criminal damage can be analysed. This module is designed to provide students with the opportunity to develop an understanding of the relationship between criminal and civil law and introduce them to the criminal justice system.

Environmental Law (Option)

The Environmental Law module aims to introduce students to the concepts, principles and sources of environmental law. It aims to address the questions of what constitutes the environment, what are environmental problems and what is environmental law.

Students have the opportunity to develop an understanding of substantive environmental law, through the study of the law regulating: the protection of air against pollution and climate change; water pollution and quality; waste management; environmental permitting; contaminated land; and nature conservation.

European Union Law (Core)

The aim of the European Union Law module is to develop students' understanding of the Constitution and Institutions of the European Union and, in particular, the constitutional principles, the administrative and procedural law, and substantive policies of the European Union.

Students will be given the opportunity to develop an understanding of the relationship between European Union law and national law; and to appraise the principles of supremacy and direct effect, and the principles of interpretation and Member State liability. The role and jurisdiction of the Court of Justice of the European Union can be examined concerning enforcement, preliminary rulings and judicial review.

Students will have the opportunity to develop an understanding of substantive European Union law through the study of the free movement of goods and workers; the freedom to move and reside of citizens of the Union; social policy and equality of treatment and pay in employment; and, in an area of freedom, justice and security, the European arrest warrant and migration and asylum issues.

Freedom of Expression (Option)

This module builds on the study of human rights at Level One, looking in depth at the particular issue of freedom of expression, and the way in which it is controlled in English law. The philosophical and political arguments surrounding the topic will be touched on at the start of the module, but the main focus will be on the legal controls of particular areas. A critical analysis of the justification for and appropriateness of the limitations will be encouraged.

Human Rights Law in a Global Context (Option)

This module is designed to introduce students to a fast-growing and controversial subject through a detailed and comparative account of the nature and development of the protection of human rights at an international and national level. An overarching theme is to place the emergence, location and meaning of human rights in its global context. It aims to engage in a critical analysis of human rights philosophical and historical foundations, seeks to look at the post-1945 development of international and regional systems for protection of human rights and aims to examine how the European Convention on Human Rights has been incorporated into English law.

Human Rights Law in the UK (Option)

This module aims to explore a fast-growing and controversial subject through a detailed examination of the nature and development of human rights as a concept, and their protection at the national level. It starts by providing students with the opportunity to consider the concept of “rights”, and human rights in particular, drawing on political and philosophical analyses. The module aims to look at the protection of human rights in the UK via the Human Rights Act 1998. The module is devoted to a critical analysis of a range of rights and the extent to which they are recognised and protected within the United Kingdom.

Intellectual Property Law (Option)

Intellectual Property law protects various forms of human creation or inventions of the mind. This module will look at the principal areas of intellectual property law, namely patents, designs, trademarks and copyright law. Each area has its own discrete set of legal rules for the creation, ownership and infringement of the rights in question.

The module will look at the requirements for obtaining protection, the scope of that protection and the limits to that protection. Intellectual Property rights are often the most valuable assets owned by a business. Businesses are extremely concerned about protecting these assets both nationally and internationally. Students are expected to develop an understanding of the relevant statutes and case law surrounding the protection of these inventive and original works.

Intelligence and Security Law (Option)

This module aims to complement the study of topics such as human rights and police powers by providing students with the opportunity to examine a number of similar themes but from the less-explored point of view of the State and the exercise of its powers to protect itself. The module also aims to consider the law relating to the intelligence services and surveillance, and seeks to introduce students to certain International Law principles and issues and their impact in the UK. The examination of topical case studies aims to enable students to analyse and apply relevant law and constitutional principles to contemporary issues of UK security, and to develop awareness of their practical and everyday function.

Jurisprudence (Option)

This module aims to examine the underpinning philosophy and theories of law. Students have the opportunity to be introduced to the nature of jurisprudence and its terminology. Major theories of jurisprudential thought, for example natural law, utilitarianism and positivism can be explored. The nature and role of law within society can also be examined along with the concepts of justice and morality, the social contract, as well as the philosophical foundations of various common law principles.

Land Law (Core)

The aim of this module is to develop an in-depth knowledge of the complex subject of land law. Students will have the opportunity to explore the property rights which can exist with respect to land law and the relationships that individuals and organisations have with each other and with the state. Students can consider freehold and leasehold estates, and registration of land.

The nature of legal and equitable rights can be identified with the concept of a trust. Students will have the opportunity to study how property rights can be acquired, how they may need protection, and how they may be alienated. Third party interests in land, such as easements, covenants and mortgages, can also be examined. There will also be an opportunity to consider the obligations existing as between landlord and tenant in leases.

Medical Law and Ethics (Option)

This module is designed to firstly develop and expand on issues of negligence and personal autonomy (assault and consent) first encountered by students in tort law at level 1 and dealt with in this module in the clinical context. Building on this, the module will aim to consider the regulation of clinical practice; and the interface between the law, ethics and regulation focusing on emerging areas of difficulty. Both caselaw, statute law, regulations and current matters of media and policy controversy can be considered.

Model United Nations (Option)

This module is designed to provide an introduction to the activities of the United Nations, as well as an understanding of the practices of international diplomacy and governance. The module will aim to use a discussion of contemporary international issues to explore some of the protocol and procedures of diplomacy. It will also seek to provide students with an introduction to issues of international organisation and international law and treaty-making. All of this is designed to assist students in preparing for their role as a 'diplomat' at a Model United Nations conference.

Police Powers (Option)

This module aims to explore the powers of the police in England and Wales. It seeks to look at the ways in which the police forces are organised and the different national agencies that operate in the area (such as the Serious Fraud Office, and the Serious Organised Crime Agency). The human rights context can also be examined. Students have the opportunity to be taken through the various stages of policing from stop and search to charge. The module concludes by providing students with the opportunity to consider the ways in which police powers can be challenged.

Sale of Goods (Option)

The aim of this module is to explore the law relating to the sale of goods in its commercial context. Through the study of the legal principles students have the opportunity to develop an appreciation of the ways in which the rules provide an extension to the basic general rules of contract. Students can analyse the legislation and relevant case law concerning contracts for the sale of goods and apply the relevant principles to factual situations.

Study Abroad (Option)

Lincoln Law School believes that an option to study overseas is a valuable educational opportunity for our students. The optional year is intended to:

  • enable students to benefit from studying within a cross cultural environment;
  • expose students to a wider academic and cultural experience;
  • enhance future employment opportunities;
  • increase cultural and professional mobility.

This module is optional for students within Lincoln Law School. Study Abroad is a year long module which enables students to spend a year studying abroad at one of the University’s approved partner institutions. Eligible students must have completed their second year of study to a satisfactory standard and successfully completed the application process for the year abroad. During the year spent abroad, students share classes with local students and study on a suite of locally-delivered taught modules which have been approved in advance by the University. Upon their return, as part of the assessment for this modules, students are required to critically reflect upon their experience of living and studying in a different cultural environment and the skills acquired.

Level 3

Analysing the Policy Process (Option)

Aiming to build upon Understanding the Policy Process, this module is designed to support students not only to continue to develop their knowledge of a range of perspectives on the policy process but, in addition, to use these to analyse a case study relevant to their degree programme.

Civil Litigation (Option)

This module is designed to look at the practical application of the law in respect of civil litigation. Building on their knowledge of contract and torts, students will look at the professional responsibilities of solicitors to their clients and to their regulator. Students have the opportunity to consider what information is needed to progress a case through the Court, considering witness evidence, formal drafting requirements and key elements of Courtroom etiquette.

Community and Conflict 1 (Option)

This module is all about communities, in particular, communities that are poor, disadvantaged, isolated or 'socially excluded'. In recent years, interest has been re-awakened in the whole idea of community and in what sorts of policies might be most effective in helping communities and solving their problems. This module aims to look critically at all these beliefs and seeks to come to conclusions about their validity.

Community and Conflict 2 (Option)

Community and Conflict II aims to focus on the application of theory, concepts and perspectives developed in Community and Conflict I to particular areas of public policy making including policy implementation.

Consumer Law (Option)

The aim of this module is to give students the opportunity to explore what has been described as a dynamic area of law. The module seeks to examine specific areas of consumer law, much of which has been influenced by the rapid expansion of consumer law legislation emanating from the European Union. The module gives students the opportunity to explore the intricacies, any inconsistencies, and issues of policy involved in particular areas of consumer protection law.

Employment Law (Option)

Employment law is a complicated yet dynamic area of study subject to rapid and constant change. The aim of this module is to examine critically the sources and institutions of employment law which attempt to regulate and support relations between employers and employees.

The study of this module will also give the students an opportunity to appreciate the impact of European Law and Human Rights Law on UK national law in this area. The module seeks to concentrate on the employment relationship, issues of discrimination in the workplace, equal pay, equality in the workplace and termination of employment. Further, this module provides students with an opportunity to develop not only knowledge and understanding of the technical law relating to aspects of employment but also the opportunity to examine ethical, contemporary and perhaps controversial issues in this field.

Equity and Trusts (Core)

The aim of this module is to provide students with an opportunity to build on skills they are expected to have developed in the previous two years through other subjects such as legal reasoning and problem solving. Initially, students can be introduced to the doctrine, maxims and remedies of Equity but the main emphasis will be upon the nature of a trust which has always been the principal concern of Equity.

The classification, nature and creation of various types of express and implied trusts can be considered together with the appointment, powers and duties of trustees. The law relating to charitable trusts may also be examined and the module aims to conclude with an investigation of the implications of a breach of trust.

Family Law (Option)

This module aims to examine the law in England and Wales relating to the family and in particular the law on marriage, divorce, cohabiting couples, financial and property rights, and rights and duties relating to children. This module seeks to provide students with an interest in this area the opportunity to develop a detailed understanding of the practical law relating to the family and to examine ethical issues and the wider policy considerations that lie behind it.

Human Rights (Law) (Option)

This module aims to explore human rights through a detailed examination of the nature and development of them as a concept, and their protection at international, regional and national level. It seeks to consider the concept of 'rights', and human rights in particular, drawing on political and philosophical analyses. It then moves to consideration of the framework of international laws and procedures that operate at global and regional level to protect human rights.

International Law (Option)

The aim of this module is to introduce students to the dynamic, constantly evolving area of international law. Students will have the opportunity to study legal rules which operate in a much broader theatre than national law, with the aim of helping them develop a greater understanding of a changing world order. The module seeks to examine both theoretical and practical applications of International Law and aims to provide students with ample scope for research and independent study.

Law Clinic (Option)

The module enables students to experience law in practice, applying their legal knowledge and research skills to factual legal problems in a clinical setting.

Students will interview real clients, research both legal and practical solutions to the issues identified in order to achieve the clients’ goals and will advise accordingly, in writing, on the options available.

The module is designed to provide students with an opportunity to take their legal knowledge out of the classroom and to give them an insight into how their theoretical studies relate to the practical application of law. The module aims to develop practical lawyerly skills (interviewing, writing and presentation skills).

Selection for the module will be based predominately on level 2 grades and attendance. Depending upon demand, written submissions and/or interviews may be considered.

Law Dissertation (Option)

The Law Dissertation module aims to provide the student with an opportunity to undertake a substantial piece of investigative academic work on a chosen area of law or a law-related topic. The dissertation may develop ideas encountered in other modules or it may be concerned with matters outside such modules. The end product, a piece of written work approximately 12,500 words in length, should demonstrate, in the context of existing knowledge, understanding, critical analysis and original thinking as well as general academic and communication skills.

In addition to providing academic opportunities, the dissertation is also designed to provide the student with the opportunity to develop practical skills such as (depending on the topic and methodology adopted) interviewing technique, questionnaire design and information retrieval. The language of submission of the dissertation will be English language for all students.

Law in Practice (Option)

This module is designed to provide students with an opportunity to evaluate the political and sociological issues affecting the practice of law and how law can operate as a business.

In recent years, law firms have faced many challenges, for instance:

  • Firms have been subjected to increasing regulation in the form of money laundering requirements, and outcome based regulation, whilst others have seen the latter as a relaxation of standards.
  • Newcomers to the legal marketplace, with the advent of ‘Alternative Business Structures’ have challenged the traditional delivery of legal services.
  • The drastic reduction of public funding for cases (legal aid) has stifled the cash flow of many high street practices and medium size practices which had based its business model on that particular income stream.
  • Leading firms have faced insolvency, a situation almost unheard of before the current decade.
  • Increasing fees in Courts and Employment Tribunals have reduced the availability of claimant work.
  • Direct public access to Counsel challenges the traditional solicitor/barrister partnership model. Students will be encouraged to view legal practice in a business and regulatory context and develop commercial awareness around the practical pressures and difficulties faced by firms operating in the current legal market place.

Law of Evidence (Option)

This module aims to complement the substantive modules of the law degree course, and the litigation processes covered in the common law subjects. Although in the main it aims to concentrate on criminal evidence, the rules relating to civil evidence may be examined where appropriate. The rules on admissibility of evidence and judicial discretion aim to supplement the Criminal Law module students will have the opportunity to make a contrast between exclusionary rules in criminal and civil law.

Law of Succession (Option)

This module is designed to introduce students to the law in England and Wales relating to wills, intestacies, the administration of estates and tax planning. The module aims to place a strong emphasis on the practical application of relevant law to factual situations and on the effect of such application upon the interests of the parties involved.

Law of Tort (Option)

This module aims to introduce students to the general principles of civil liability for tortious wrongs. It is designed to complement the Contract Law module which is taught at Level One. The Law of Tort is predominantly a common law subject although there are certain statute based torts which are covered by the module.

Law Placement (Option)

This module enables students to experience law in a workplace setting. Students can either arrange their own suitable work experience (one half day per week or equivalent, as agreed in advance with module co-ordinators) or will be allocated a placement by the module coordinator.

Students will be expected to evaluate the workplace structure and the key roles within it. Students will have the opportunity to consider any regulatory impacts on the organisation (including the roles of the Compliance Officers for Legal Practice (COLPs) and for Finance and Administration (COFAs), where relevant), the recruitment and marketing policies, as well as exploring the application of theoretical legal knowledge to on-going legal problems.

Preparing for Working with Children and Young People (Option)

This module aims to support the development of professional expertise to work effectively with children, young people and their families. It is designed to focus on key aspects of law and policy, exploring some of the debates of applying these and examines current issues in childcare practice. Core themes are maintaining a focus on the child and accountability.

Understanding the Policy Process (Option)

This module is designed to focus upon the processes of policy making and implementation at both practical and theoretical levels. It aims to provide students with an introduction to a variety of models of policy making and seeks to discuss the complexities of the distribution of power and decision making, primarily, but not limited to, the field of social policy.

†The availability of optional modules may vary from year to year and will be subject to minimum student numbers being achieved. This means that the availability of specific optional modules cannot be guaranteed. Optional module selection may also be affected by staff availability.

Special Features

Professional Practice

The aim of this course is to produce independent, enquiring and knowledgeable graduates. Students are encouraged to develop practical legal skills by entering competitions in mooting and negotiation.

These skills are practised extensively in seminars and through the student-run Law Society. In addition, there is a University pro bono Law Clinic, where students have the opportunity to give legal advice to real people in real situations, under supervision.

Placements

The School has extensive links with the local legal profession through a professional mentoring scheme and other initiatives. Students are encouraged to obtain placements in industry independently. Placements can range from a few weeks to a full year. Students are responsible for their own travel, accommodation and general living costs while on placement.

Study Abroad

There is an optional study abroad year between years two and three. Students are responsible for their own travel, accommodation and general living costs.

Student as Producer

Student as Producer is a model of teaching and learning that encourages academics and undergraduate students to collaborate on research activities. It is a programme committed to learning through doing.

The Student as Producer initiative was commended by the QAA in our 2012 review and is one of the teaching and learning features that makes the Lincoln experience unique.

Facilities

Students can access a range of dedicated facilities, including breakout and seminar rooms and a moot court to practise their mooting skills.

At Lincoln, we constantly invest in our campus as we aim to provide the best learning environment for our undergraduates. Whatever the area of study, the University strives to ensure students have access to specialist equipment and resources, to develop the skills, which they may need in their future career.

View our campus pages [www.lincoln.ac.uk/home/campuslife/ourcampus/] to learn more about our teaching and learning facilities.

Career Opportunities

Law graduates have career prospects, both in and out of the legal profession. Some pursue paths to become either barristers or solicitors, while others take up roles as legal executive or advisors. The Lincoln Law School's connection with legal practice provides opportunities for engagement with practising solicitors and other professionals. Some students go on to further study at a postgraduate level.

Careers Service

The University Careers and Employability Team offer qualified advisors who can work with students to provide tailored, individual support and careers advice during their time at the University. As a member of our alumni we also offer one-to-one support in the first year after completing a course, including access to events, vacancy information and website resources; with access to online vacancies and virtual resources for the following two years.

This service can include one-to-one coaching, CV advice and interview preparation to help you maximise our graduates future opportunities.

The service works closely with local, national and international employers, acting as a gateway to the business world.

Visit our Careers Service pages for further information. [http://www.lincoln.ac.uk/home/campuslife/studentsupport/careersservice/]

Additional Costs

For each course students may find that there are additional costs. These may be with regard to the specific clothing, materials or equipment required, depending on their subject area. Some courses provide opportunities for students to undertake field work or field trips. Where these are compulsory, the cost for the travel, accommodation and meals may be covered by the University and so is included in the fee. Where these are optional students will normally (unless stated otherwise) be required to pay their own transportation, accommodation and meal costs.

With regards to text books, the University provides students who enrol with a comprehensive reading list and our extensive library holds either material or virtual versions of the core texts that students are required to read. However, students may prefer to purchase some of these for themselves and will therefore be responsible for this cost. Where there may be exceptions to this general rule, information will be displayed in a section titled Other Costs below.

Related Courses

Lincoln’s Criminology degree is designed to enable students to develop and apply an understanding of the complex nature of crime, punishment and justice. Alternative solutions to crime prevention are examined, and the impact of crime on society is investigated.
This combination offers students the opportunity to study for a law degree while also having the chance to develop a deeper understanding about the causes and consequences of crime.
This BA (Hons) Politics degree examines domestic and global politics, political theory and international relations. Students have the opportunity to explore the big political issues of the day in Britain and around the globe, and study the social and theoretical contexts which underpin these developments.
This degree combines a detailed exploration of political ideas, institutions and processes with an in-depth analysis of how policies are developed and implemented to deal with the social problems at the national and supranational level.

Tuition Fees

2017/18 Entry UK/EUInternational
Full-time £9,250 per level
£12,800 per level
Part-time £77.00 per credit point  N/A
Placement (optional) Exempt Exempt

 

2018/19 Entry UK/EUInternational
Full-time £9,250 per level
£13,800 per level
Part-time £77.00 per credit point  N/A
Placement (optional) Exempt Exempt

In 2018/19, fees for all new and continuing undergraduate UK and EU students will be £9,250.

Please note that not all courses are available as a part-time option.

For more information and for details about funding your study, please see our UK/EU Fees & Funding pages or our International funding and scholarship pages. [www.lincoln.ac.uk/home/studyatlincoln/undergraduatecourses/feesandfunding/] [www.lincoln.ac.uk/home/international/feesandfunding/]

The University intends to provide its courses as outlined in these pages, although the University may make changes in accordance with the Student Admissions Terms and Conditions [www.lincoln.ac.uk/StudentAdmissionsTermsandConditions].