In this module, students will have the opportunity to develop and expand their fundamental knowledge of thermodynamics, and apply this to further their understanding of energy systems. It is expected that students will be able to better identify the opportunities that exist to increase the efficiency of energy machines, systems and devices. Students will have the chance to build models of mass and energy flow through existing and proposed machines. These models are then used to pinpoint the most efficient and least efficient steps of device operation.
In this module, students have the chance to create design concepts relating to an engineering artefact, process, or topic that is related to mechanical engineering. This module aims to provide a learning experience that enables students to carry out independent research and integrate their engineering and scientific knowledge within a realistic and substantial project of immediate engineering value. Students can gain experience of working in a research or industry based design environment.
Students will have the opportunity to demonstrate their creativity and initiative in carrying out a demanding investigation or design project. As individuals, students will be expected to negotiate with their 'client', be it an academic supervisor or an external sponsor, plan their project, and present their work through meetings, reports and oral presentation. Students will also be expected to integrate knowledge from disciplines other than engineering, and demonstrate a profound understanding of relevant environmental, ethical, social and sustainability issues.
The use of fuels as the major source of energy production is examined in some detail, with particular emphasis on combustion mechanisms and emissions formation processes from a fundamental standpoint. The barriers and opportunities to the use of alternative fuels within power generation applications are considered as well as the environmental impact of different fuel sources.
The aim of this module is to provide an overview of the management of projects throughout the project life-cycle, from concept to beneficial operation. Business has long recognised the imperative for good, integrated processes in order to extract best value from capital investments; this course explores the benefits and imperatives for adopting a Capital Value Process for selecting the right projects to deliver required business goals, and for establishing robust Project Execution Plans for delivering world class results, as well as facilitating executive control at all stages throughout the project lifecycle. The student will compare and contrast the differing emphases and approaches to project delivery for several professional bodies and will be introduced to ten key project principles which underpin world class project performance across a broad range of industry sectors. They will also practise using several strategic planning tools to aid objective decision making and option screening. Importantly, the course will establish the imperative of good health, safety and environmental performance as a business value. It is not the intention of this module to teach project technical skills, such as planning, estimating or contract administration, but more to equip future project managers with a broad range of skills and competences so that, armed with the core project principles they might harness the skills of a diverse team of project professionals in developing and executing major projects, programmes and portfolios of the future.
This module deals with current and potential future energy systems, covering resources, extraction, conversion, and end-use technologies, with emphasis on meeting regional and global energy needs in the 21st century in a sustainable manner. The course includes the review of various renewable and conventional energy production technologies, energy end-use practices and alternatives, and consumption practices in different countries. Students are given the opportunity to learn a quali-quantitative framework to aid in evaluation and analysis of energy technology system proposals in the context of engineering, political, social, economic, and environmental goals.
The purpose of this module is to introduce students to the theory and practice of the finite element method, with applications in stress analysis, heat transfer and general field problems in order to complement other modules in these subjects. Students have the opportunity to become aware of the capabilities and limitations of the finite element method and the practical problems involved in successfully modelling engineering structures and components.
The last decade has seen an upsurge in the development of intelligent modelling and control structures over their counterpart mathematical model-based structures due to their success in dealing with complex multivariable uncertain systems without the need for extensive dynamic modelling. At the forefront of intelligent systems strategies are Rule-based Expert Systems, Fuzzy Logic Systems, Artificial Neural Networks, Probabilistic and Evolutionary Algorithms, Hybrid Intelligent Systems, and Intelligent Control Systems, which have all proved to be serious contenders for many other conventional modelling and control methods. In the light of these considerations, this module aims to:
- Introduce the various ideas behind these theories
- Draw a parallel with other conventional modelling and control techniques. This module provides an introduction to the theories and practices of machine learning and data modelling, and to fuzzy logic within a control and systems engineering context
- Describe how these techniques can be applied to solve real world problems.
The module looks at the underlying principles of machine learning, data modelling and fuzzy logic, the advantages and limitations of the various approaches and effective ways of applying them in systems and control engineering, with the aim of making students appreciate the merits of the various technologies hence introduced.
The syllabus for this module can be divided into four topics:
An understanding of the theory, principles and techniques used in Laser-materials Processing (LMP) are required before more advanced understanding can be achieved. This includes knowledge of the stimulated emission phenomenon, techniques used to generate laser light, laser delivery methods and a detailed understanding of optics, including thin lens theory and the ability to identify the range of optics needed for laser beam transmission and manipulation.
Students are introduced to the principles of safe use of laser sources; covering the risk classification system, the relevance of wavelength, prevention and mitigation techniques as well as a wide range of associated considerations.
Students are introduced to the importance of wavelength in laser interactions with materials. Industrial processes are classified by wavelength and detailed description of each process including modelling techniques are covered. These principles are reinforced by two laboratory sessions: one for short (UV) wavelength radiation and another for long (NIR, IR) wavelength radiation.
Novel Laser Applications
Students have the opportunity to learn how to identify and describe the potential benefits to manufacturing processes offered by the application of lasers as a result of their unique characteristics. This knowledge requires advanced application of the multidisciplinary content of a mechanical engineering degree in areas such as materials science, dynamics, thermodynamics, fluid dynamics and electronics.
The aim of this module is to provide the students with the opportunity to develop an understanding of the machinery used in power generation applications. The module builds on fundamental thermodynamics, discussing the technicalities of power generation from a series of recognised energy source viewpoints.
This module aims to provide a thorough introduction to key concepts underlying the options available and the issues related to selection of sensors and actuators for control. Emphasis will be placed on systems of electro-mechanical nature but reference will be made to the much wider applicability of the techniques.
Students are given the opportunity to develop an analytical understanding of complex vibrating systems, with particular reference to rotating machines such as gas turbines and wind turbines. Students are introduced to the quantitative aspects of noise control.