LLM International Law

The LLM courses at Lincoln Law School are designed to provide students with the opportunity to develop a solid bedrock in terms of knowledge and skills to pursue, or further develop their careers.

The Course

The LLM International Law programme is designed for those who wish to develop specialist expertise in international law.

This programme gives you the opportunity to develop an in-depth understanding of the law in relation to key international subjects. You are encouraged to consider the role of the law in international affairs and to develop a critical understanding of how the law affects all aspects of international activity, from trade and prosecuting crimes, to the use of force in international relations, human rights and protecting the environment.

You will have the opportunity to examine the role and relationships of international organisations and institutions such as the UN, the International Court of Justice and the EU. Programme content is informed by the latest debates and developments in international law and aims to engage students in real-world cases and dilemmas.

A substantial dissertation is required as part of your study, which is designed to enable you to enhance your research skills as you undertake a detailed investigation in an area of your choice.

The programme is delivered by two-hour seminars, once per week, in each module. Extensive preparation is required for each seminar, and wide reading is expected.

Postgraduate level study involves a significant proportion of independent study, exploring the material covered in lectures and seminars. As a general guide, for every hour in class students are expected to spend two - three hours in independent study.

For more detailed information please contact the programme leader.

Dissertation (International Law) (Core)
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Dissertation (International Law) (Core)

The Dissertation module comprises two elements:

1. Research methods (20%)

The research methods element of the dissertation module comprises a total of four research training workshops (4 x 2hrs), two taking place in the Autumn term and two taking place in the Spring term. Students are assessed through a dissertation proposal.

2. The Dissertation (80%)

The production of the dissertation itself provides the student with an opportunity to undertake a substantial piece of investigative academic work on a chosen area of international law (public or private international law or international legal aspects of EU law and governance). In the dissertation the students may develop ideas encountered in the taught modules or with other issues relevant to international law.

The completed dissertation should be an original and independent piece of work. It should, in the context of existing knowledge, demonstrate in-depth understanding, critical analysis and original thinking, as well as general academic and communication skills. Undertaking the necessary research and writing the dissertation can provide academic opportunities to apply the research skills and presentational techniques developed during the programme.

EU Internal Market Law (Option)
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EU Internal Market Law (Option)

This module is designed to introduce the basic principles of law and policy on the free movement of goods, persons, services and capital within the internal market of the European Union. Current developments in legislation and case law on freedom of movement of goods, persons and services in the European Union will, in turn, be evaluated; as will the limits of integration. The module will also seek to examine recent legislative developments in and the evolving concept of Union citizenship involving critical examination of the jurisprudence of the Court of Justice of the European Union.

International Business Law (Option)
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International Business Law (Option)

The module will introduce students to the operations of international businesses and how their activities are influenced by legal frameworks. Students will be exposed to the legal and socio-economic factors that affect businesses that operate in the global marketplace. It commences by providing a primer on the nature of international businesses. Against this background, it expounds on the concept of globalisation and its link with international business. The course then focuses on the regulatory environment within which international businesses are developed and in which they operate. Proposed expansion strategies of businesses are also considered within the context of the local and global environment in which they operate.

International Corporate Governance (Option)
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International Corporate Governance (Option)

This module aims to give students the opportunity to develop a thorough insight into the theoretical, legal, practical and ethical issues surrounding corporate governance and its influence on the management structure of modern companies. It will explore the relationships which exist between directors, shareholders, management, the company itself and other internal and external stakeholders. Students will have the chance to develop a firm understanding of the concept of corporate governance and the basic principles underlying the implementation of UK and international corporate governance codes.

International Criminal Justice (Option)
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International Criminal Justice (Option)

This module provides the opportunity for students to develop a critical understanding of the idea of international criminal justice. The module aims to address the key issues and concepts in and policies underlying the enforcement of international criminal law considering the legal and political environment in which international criminal courts and tribunals operate. The principle focus will be the international crimes which come within the jurisdiction of the current international courts and tribunals – that is war crimes, crimes against humanity, genocide and torture – and analysing whether these institutions are effective for the pursuit of justice and peace within the international system.

International Dispute Resolution (Option)
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International Dispute Resolution (Option)

In this module students will be introduced to the different methods of international dispute resolution in both a public and private law context. This module explores the legal frameworks governing international dispute resolution along with both the political and legal context and concerns relating to them. The module will examine the principal approaches to the settlement of international disputes in public international law and will also introduce students to the increasingly important area of private international law. Students will gain an understanding of the nature of international disputes, both public and private, and the options for resolving them and how a chosen option might be informed by the type of dispute presented.

International Economic and Investment Law (Option)
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International Economic and Investment Law (Option)

The aim of this module is to provide students with the opportunity to develop a critical understanding of the principal legal frameworks that underpin the functioning of the international economy and international investment. As such students have the chance to analyse the legal architecture relating to the World Trade Organization (WTO), the World Bank, the International Monetary Fund (IMF), as well as international foreign investment and multinational corporations. The module therefore aims to provide a broad foundation for students’ critical understanding of the international economy and the ways that international economic and investment law can affect developing countries, human rights, and the environment.

International Environmental Law (Option)
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International Environmental Law (Option)

This module examines the development and operation of international environmental law, considering in particular the historical evolution of the law, the elaboration of multilateral environmental regimes and the increasing judicial attention given to environmental issues. The module will also consider the issue of responsibility and liability for harm from environmental degradation as it is tackled at the international level.

International Human Rights (Core)
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International Human Rights (Core)

The aim of this module is to provide an opportunity for students to develop a critical understanding of international human rights, and the way in which the concept of such rights is used to promote respect for certain standards and to protect the rights of individuals. The module will involve considering the role of international organisations (such as the United Nations); regional mechanisms (such as the European Convention on Human Rights); and the enforcement of international standards at the global, regional and domestic levels.

LLM Corporate Social Responsibility (Option)
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LLM Corporate Social Responsibility (Option)

The aim of this module is to introduce students to the concept of corporate social responsibility (CSR) and the debates surrounding it so that they are able to critically analyse the concept itself and its practical implications for companies, regulatory bodies and policy makers in a globalised environment. Students will also be introduced to the relevant areas of corporate law and practice to develop an understanding of the underlying reasons why CSR initiatives have become necessary. Finally, they will develop a critical understanding of the regulatory frameworks (both mandatory and voluntary) that exist to facilitate the implementation of CSR on national and international levels.

LLM International Law and World Order (Core)
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LLM International Law and World Order (Core)

The aim of this module is to introduce students to a dynamic area of law that has contemporary relevance in a rapidly changing world order. This module is focussed on the structure of international law. By examining theoretical and practical applications of International Law in both peaceful and non-peaceful contexts. The module will enable students to gain a critical understanding of the impact and operation of this area of law through applying what they have learned to contemporary issues.

LLM Law of Armed Conflict (Option)
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LLM Law of Armed Conflict (Option)

This module introduces students to the development and current legal framework of the law of armed conflict from the ‘laws of war’ to the more strongly humanitarian focus of the modern era. Students will apply their knowledge of legal principles to practical examples of conflicts, and the module will also explore areas of challenge for the current legal framework such as asymmetric warfare and non-State actors, and the development of new weapons.

LLM The Law of Forced Migration (Option)
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LLM The Law of Forced Migration (Option)

The module introduces students to a dynamic and complex area of law that aims to respond to the forced migration of persons in the context of conflict and/or disaster. The module exposes students to the breadth of legal, policy and institutional responses to forced migration, and consciously encourages critique in the light of the reality that is continuing forced migration at a seemingly ever-increasing scale. The module also enables students to gain a critical understanding of the impact and operation of this area of law through applying what they have learned to contemporary contexts.

LLM Use of Force and International Law (Option)
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LLM Use of Force and International Law (Option)

The aim of this module is to examine the law on use of force, with particular focus on self-defence and intervention. The module will examine theoretical and practical applications of international law in this area and will enable students to gain a critical understanding of its impact and operation by applying legal principles to specific conflicts and interventions as case studies. The module has a key focus on controversial and contemporary issues such as self-defence against non-state actors, the unwilling and unable doctrine, and use of force in response to cyber-attacks, and it will engage in debates on the tensions between these and more traditional, established legal principles.

The EU as a Global Actor: EU External Relations Law (Option)
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The EU as a Global Actor: EU External Relations Law (Option)

This module aims to provide students with the opportunity to develop an insight into the international role of the European Union (EU) and its global presence in an increasing number of areas beyond the regulation of external trade. The module offers a critical and contextual analysis of the role of the EU as a global actor, which is subdivided into two main parts: the constitutional aspects of EU External Relations Law and substantive aspects of EU External Relations Law.

The module covers the following policy areas: the EU Common Commercial Policy (CCP), the European Neighbourhood Policy (ENP), the Euro-Mediterranean Partnership (EUROMED), the role of the EU in global humanitarian and development action and EU’s Common Foreign and Security Policy (CFSP).

† Some courses may offer optional modules. The availability of optional modules may vary from year to year and will be subject to minimum student numbers being achieved. This means that the availability of specific optional modules cannot be guaranteed. Optional module selection may also be affected by staff availability.

All modules are assessed by written assignments. There is also a requirement to write a substantial dissertation. There are no examinations, written or oral.

Assessment Feedback

The University of Lincoln's policy on assessment feedback aims to ensure that academics will return in-course assessments to you promptly – usually within 15 working days after the submission date.

 2018/19 Entry*2019/20 Entry*
Home/EU £7,600 £8,600
Home/EU 
(including Alumni Scholarship** reduction)
£5,700 £6,880
International £15,300 £15,600
International
(Including International Alumni / Global Postgraduate Scholarship** £2,000 reduction)
£13,300 £13,600
     
Part-time Home/EU £42 per credit point £48 per credit point
Part-time International £85 per credit point £87 per credit point

* Academic year September- July
** Subject to eligibility

Loans

Postgraduate Master's Loan can help with course fees and living costs while you study. Individuals** will be able to borrow up to £10,906 for the purpose of completing an eligible postgraduate Master's qualification. The amount available will depend on the start date of your course.

- £10,906, if your course starts on or after 1 August 2019
- £10,609, if your course starts between 1 August 2018 and 31 July 2019

Scholarships

As a postgraduate student you may be eligible for scholarships in addition to those shown above.

Guidance for Part-time Postgraduate Fees

To complete a standard Master's Taught programme, you must complete 180 credit points.

Full time students will be invoiced for the programme in full upon initial enrolment.

For part-time students, tuition fees are payable each credit point enrolled. To calculate your part-time fees, multiply the part-time fee per credit point by the number of credits you intend to complete within that academic year. This is usually between 60 and 90 credit points per year.

For example, if the fee per credit point for your programme is £38, and you enrol on 60 credits, the tuition fee payable for that academic year will be £2280.

Fees for enrolment on additional modules

Tuition fees for additional activity are payable by the student/sponsor and charged at the equivalent £ per credit point rate for each module. Additional activity includes:

- Enrolment on modules that are in addition to the validated programme curriculum

- Enrolment on modules that are over and above the full credit diet for the relevant academic year

- Retakes of modules as permitted by the Board of Examiners

Exceptionally tuition fees may not be payable where a student has been granted a retake with approved extenuating circumstances.

For further information and for details about funding your study, scholarships and bursaries, please see our Postgraduate Fees & Funding pages [www.lincoln.ac.uk/home/studyatlincoln/postgraduateprogrammes/feesandfunding/].

Other Costs

For each course you may find that there are additional costs. These may be with regard to the specific clothing, materials or equipment required. Some courses provide opportunities for you to undertake field work or field trips. Where these are compulsory, the cost for travel and accommodation will be covered by the University and so is included in your fee. Where these are optional, you will normally be required to pay your own transport, accommodation and general living costs.

With regards to text books, the University provides students who enrol with a comprehensive reading list and you will find that our extensive library holds either material or virtual versions of the core texts that you are required to read. However, you may prefer to purchase some of these for yourself and you will be responsible for this cost.

First or second class honours degree in a relevant subject.

If you have studied outside of the UK, and are unsure whether your qualification meets the above requirements, please visit our country pages https://www.lincoln.ac.uk/home/studywithus/internationalstudents/entryrequirementsandyourcountry/ for information on equivalent qualifications.

Overseas students will be required to demonstrate English language proficiency equivalent to IELTS 6.0 overall, with a minimum of 5.5 in each element. For information regarding other English language qualifications we accept, please visit the English Requirements page https://www.lincoln.ac.uk/home/studywithus/internationalstudents/englishlanguagerequirementsandsupport/englishlanguagerequirements/.

If you do not meet the above IELTS requirements, you may be able to take part in one of our Pre-session English and Academic Study Skills courses. https://www.lincoln.ac.uk/home/studywithus/internationalstudents/englishlanguagerequirementsandsupport/pre-sessionalenglishandacademicstudyskills/ . These specialist courses are designed to help students meet the English language requirements for their intended programme of study.

Learn from Experts

Throughout this degree, students may receive tuition from professors, senior lecturers, lecturers, researchers, practitioners, visiting experts or technicians, and they may also be supported in their learning by other students.

Graham Melling

Graham Melling

Programme Leader

Graham is a Senior Lecturer in Law in Lincoln Law School specialising in Public International Law, in particular in the areas of use of force, intervention, aggression and customary international law. He is always interested to hear from prospective research students within his subject specialisms, which are: Public International Law: use of force; customary international law; rule change and rule creation; IR/IL theory intersections.
Contact: gmelling@lincoln.ac.uk


Your Future Career

Career and Personal Development

The LLM courses at Lincoln Law School are designed to provide students with the opportunity to develop a solid bedrock in terms of knowledge and skills to pursue, or further develop their careers, whether they be in legal practice, working in business or industry, working for governmental or international organisations, for non-governmental organisations or in academia.

For those pursuing legal careers, there has been an increasing demand for lawyers with the necessary knowledge of international law and international business law to provide services to clients both in terms of transactional and litigation work. This is particularly true in the case of commercial law firms undertaking work for multinational corporations and those businesses involved in multi-jurisdictional transactions and/or disputes.

Similarly our LLM programmes aim to equip students with the necessary knowledge and skills that are required to conduct trans-national work within business and industry. The understanding of the legal issues at stake in terms of international economic law, international trade law and international investment law especially aim to provide a grounding for those pursuing careers in firms that either invest and operate in a number of different jurisdictions or which have strong commercial relationships with investors or customers in other countries.

Many governmental and international organisations such as the United Nations require the expertise of those with backgrounds in international law and international business law. The Law School at Lincoln has a strong corpus of lawyers with a range of expertise in different aspects of international law and aims to provide the perfect training ground from which lawyers seeking these types of careers can develop.

The Law School can also provide a particularly strong basis for any student that is developing or wishes to develop a career within one of the many NGOs that works on international issues. This is due to the specific expertise that members of the school have within the fields of international human rights law, international environmental law and international legal issues generally.

Finally, for those students seeking careers in academia, the LLM programmes that we offer, provide the opportunity to develop a natural grounding for anyone seeking to go on to study for an MPhil or PhD.

Whatever career path you are pursuing, Lincoln Law School in conjunction with the bespoke careers advice service within the University of Lincoln are on hand to work with you to maximise your potential and aim to ensure that you are best placed to be able to achieve your objectives.


Facilities

Lincoln Law School is based in Bridge House on the Brayford Pool Campus. Law students can access a range of facilities on campus, including breakout and seminar rooms and the University's Great Central Warehouse Library which has more than 250,000 printed books and approximately 400,000 electronic books and journals, alongside databases and special collections.

We constantly invest in our campus as we aim to provide the best learning environment for our students. The University strives to ensure students have access to specialist equipment and resources, to develop the skills, which they may need in their future career.

The University has invested more than £300 million in its buildings and facilities. Further plans to invest in additional facilities, along with the refurbishment of existing buildings across our campus, are underway.


The University intends to provide its courses as outlined in these pages, although the University may make changes in accordance with the Student Admissions Terms and Conditions.