Key Information

Full-time

1 year

Part-time

2 years

Campus

Brayford Pool

Validation Status

Validated

Fees

View

Course Code

CONDISML

Key Information

Full-time

1 year

Part-time

2 years

Campus

Brayford Pool

Validation Status

Validated

Fees

View

Course Code

CONDISML

LLM Conflict and Disaster Law LLM Conflict and Disaster Law

The LLM courses at Lincoln Law School are designed to provide students with the opportunity to develop a solid bedrock in terms of knowledge and skills to pursue, or further develop their careers.

Key Information

Full-time

1 year

Part-time

2 years

Campus

Brayford Pool

Validation Status

Validated

Fees

View

Course Code

CONDISML

Key Information

Full-time

1 year

Part-time

2 years

Campus

Brayford Pool

Validation Status

Validated

Fees

View

Course Code

CONDISML

Dr Nkechi Azinge - Senior Lecturer and Programme Leader

Dr Nkechi Azinge - Senior Lecturer and Programme Leader

Nkechi is a senior lecturer and teaches financial regulation and company and business law. She has also designed two courses that examine the suitability of the regulatory framework for financial institutions in developed countries. Nkechi is currently an assistant editor with the Financial Regulation International and the Journal of Banking Regulation.

School Staff List

Welcome to LLM Conflict and Disaster Law

Conflicts and disasters have affected, and will continue to affect, individuals, communities, states, regions, and continents around the world. According to the United Nations, more than two billion people have been affected by disasters and conflicts since the year 2000, destroying infrastructure, displacing populations, and fundamentally undermining human security.

The LLM Conflict and Disaster Law is designed to equip students with a critical understanding of how law, policy, and practice impacts responses to conflict and disaster in both human and environmental situations.

Students can explore the various elements of the disaster management cycle concerned with preparing for, responding to, and recovering from disasters, and consider the legal framework applicable to these disasters. The programme also allows students to develop their understanding of the law of armed conflict, from the ‘laws of war’ to the strong humanitarian focus of the modern era.

Students can undertake a substantial dissertation, which is designed to enhance research skills through a detailed investigation in an area of their own choice.

Welcome to LLM Conflict and Disaster Law

Conflicts and disasters have affected, and will continue to affect, individuals, communities, states, regions, and continents around the world. According to the United Nations, more than two billion people have been affected by disasters and conflicts since the year 2000, destroying infrastructure, displacing populations, and fundamentally undermining human security.

The LLM Conflict and Disaster Law is designed to equip students with a critical understanding of how law, policy, and practice impacts responses to conflict and disaster in both human and environmental situations.

Students can explore the various elements of the disaster management cycle concerned with preparing for, responding to, and recovering from disasters, and consider the legal framework applicable to these disasters. The programme also allows students to develop their understanding of the law of armed conflict, from the ‘laws of war’ to the strong humanitarian focus of the modern era.

Students can undertake a substantial dissertation, which is designed to enhance research skills through a detailed investigation in an area of their own choice.

How You Study

The programme is delivered through weekly two-hour seminars for each module. Extensive preparation is required for each seminar, and wide reading is expected. Students will be expected to undertake five core modules, and are able to select from a range of optional modules allowing them to tailor the programme to their own interests.

Core Modules:

  • International Human Rights
  • LLM Use of Force and International Law
  • LLM Disaster Law: Contemporary Challenges
  • LLM Dissertation (Conflict and Disaster Law)
  • LLM International Law and World Order

Optional Modules:

  • International Criminal Justice
  • International Dispute Resolution
  • International Environmental Law
  • LLM Law of Armed Conflict
  • LLM The Law of Forced Migration
  • The EU as a Global Actor: EU External Relations Law

Contact and Independent Study

Weekly contact hours on this programme vary depending on the module being delivered and the stage of study. Postgraduate level study involves a significant proportion of independent study, exploring the material covered in lectures and seminars. As a general guide, for every hour spent in class, students are expected to spend at least two to three hours in independent study. For more detailed information please contact the Programme Leader.

What You Need to Know

We want you to have all the information you need to make an informed decision on where and what you want to study. To help you choose the course that’s right for you, we aim to bring to your attention all the important information you may need. Our What You Need to Know page offers detailed information on key areas including contact hours, assessment, optional modules, and additional costs. For research programmes this includes research fees and research support fees.

Find out More

How You Study

Students will study a total of eight taught 15 credit modules. Teaching will be arranged in ten-week blocks for Certificate stage and Diploma stage respectively, with four modules studied at each stage.

You will study four core modules and choose from four of the available optional modules. Students will be taught through interactive seminars that inculcate lectures.

What You Need to Know

We want you to have all the information you need to make an informed decision on where and what you want to study. To help you choose the course that’s right for you, we aim to bring to your attention all the important information you may need. Our What You Need to Know page offers detailed information on key areas including contact hours, assessment, optional modules, and additional costs. For research programmes this includes research fees and research support fees.

Find out More

An Introduction to Your Modules

Module Overview

The aim of this module is to provide an opportunity for students to develop a critical understanding of international human rights, and the way in which the concept of such rights is used to promote respect for certain standards and to protect the rights of individuals. The module will involve considering the role of international organisations (such as the United Nations); regional mechanisms (such as the European Convention on Human Rights); and the enforcement of international standards at the global, regional and domestic levels.

Module Overview

The aim of this module is to introduce students to a dynamic and emerging area of law. It will introduce students to the various elements of the disaster management cycle concerned with preparing for, responding to, as well as recovering from disasters, both ‘man-made’ and ‘natural’. It will also consider the legal framework applicable to these disasters. The module, therefore, considers the significance of various legal and policy developments, including the Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction, the International Law Commission’s draft articles on the protection of persons in the event of disasters, and Guiding Principles on Internal Displacement. Specifically, the module introduces students to a body of law called international disaster relief or response law (IDRL). The module will also consider a number of case studies to illustrate the application of these principles and the difficulties in this application.

Module Overview

The Dissertation module comprises two elements: 1. Research methods (20%) The research methods element of the dissertation module comprises a total of four research training workshops (4 x 2hrs), two taking place in the Autumn term and two taking place in the Spring term. Students are assessed through a dissertation proposal. 2. The Dissertation (80%) The production of the dissertation itself provides the student with an opportunity to undertake a substantial piece of investigative academic work on a chosen area of conflict and disaster law. In the dissertation the students may develop ideas encountered in the taught modules or with other issues relevant to conflict and disaster law. The completed dissertation should be an original and independent piece of work. It should, in the context of existing knowledge, demonstrate in-depth understanding, critical analysis and original thinking, as well as general academic and communication skills. Undertaking the necessary research and writing the dissertation can provide academic opportunities to apply the research skills and presentational techniques developed during the programme.

Module Overview

The aim of this module is to introduce students to a dynamic area of law that has contemporary relevance in a rapidly changing world order. This module is focussed on the structure of international law. By examining theoretical and practical applications of International Law in both peaceful and non-peaceful contexts. The module will enable students to gain a critical understanding of the impact and operation of this area of law through applying what they have learned to contemporary issues.

Module Overview

The aim of this module is to examine the law on use of force, with particular focus on self-defence and intervention. The module will examine theoretical and practical applications of international law in this area and will enable students to gain a critical understanding of its impact and operation by applying legal principles to specific conflicts and interventions as case studies. The module has a key focus on controversial and contemporary issues such as self-defence against non-state actors, the unwilling and unable doctrine, and use of force in response to cyber-attacks, and it will engage in debates on the tensions between these and more traditional, established legal principles.

Module Overview

This module provides the opportunity for students to develop a critical understanding of the idea of international criminal justice. The module aims to address the key issues and concepts in and policies underlying the enforcement of international criminal law considering the legal and political environment in which international criminal courts and tribunals operate. The principle focus will be the international crimes which come within the jurisdiction of the current international courts and tribunals – that is war crimes, crimes against humanity, genocide and torture – and analysing whether these institutions are effective for the pursuit of justice and peace within the international system.

Module Overview

In this module students will be introduced to the different methods of international dispute resolution in both a public and private law context. This module explores the legal frameworks governing international dispute resolution along with both the political and legal context and concerns relating to them. The module will examine the principal approaches to the settlement of international disputes in public international law and will also introduce students to the increasingly important area of private international law. Students will gain an understanding of the nature of international disputes, both public and private, and the options for resolving them and how a chosen option might be informed by the type of dispute presented.

Module Overview

This module examines the development and operation of international environmental law, considering in particular the historical evolution of the law, the elaboration of multilateral environmental regimes and the increasing judicial attention given to environmental issues. The module will also consider the issue of responsibility and liability for harm from environmental degradation as it is tackled at the international level.

Module Overview

This module introduces students to the development and current legal framework of the law of armed conflict from the ‘laws of war’ to the more strongly humanitarian focus of the modern era. Students will apply their knowledge of legal principles to practical examples of conflicts, and the module will also explore areas of challenge for the current legal framework such as asymmetric warfare and non-State actors, and the development of new weapons.

Module Overview

The module introduces students to a dynamic and complex area of law that aims to respond to the forced migration of persons in the context of conflict and/or disaster. The module exposes students to the breadth of legal, policy and institutional responses to forced migration, and consciously encourages critique in the light of the reality that is continuing forced migration at a seemingly ever-increasing scale. The module also enables students to gain a critical understanding of the impact and operation of this area of law through applying what they have learned to contemporary contexts.

Module Overview

This module aims to provide students with the opportunity to develop an insight into the international role of the European Union (EU) and its global presence in an increasing number of areas beyond the regulation of external trade. The module offers a critical and contextual analysis of the role of the EU as a global actor, which is subdivided into two main parts: the constitutional aspects of EU External Relations Law and substantive aspects of EU External Relations Law. The module covers the following policy areas: the EU Common Commercial Policy (CCP), the European Neighbourhood Policy (ENP), the Euro-Mediterranean Partnership (EUROMED), the role of the EU in global humanitarian and development action and EU’s Common Foreign and Security Policy (CFSP).

† Some courses may offer optional modules. The availability of optional modules may vary from year to year and will be subject to minimum student numbers being achieved. This means that the availability of specific optional modules cannot be guaranteed. Optional module selection may also be affected by staff availability.

An Introduction to Your Modules

Module Overview

The aim of this module is to provide an opportunity for students to develop a critical understanding of international human rights, and the way in which the concept of such rights is used to promote respect for certain standards and to protect the rights of individuals. The module will involve considering the role of international organisations (such as the United Nations); regional mechanisms (such as the European Convention on Human Rights); and the enforcement of international standards at the global, regional and domestic levels.

Module Overview

The aim of this module is to introduce students to a dynamic and emerging area of law. It will introduce students to the various elements of the disaster management cycle concerned with preparing for, responding to, as well as recovering from disasters, both ‘man-made’ and ‘natural’. It will also consider the legal framework applicable to these disasters. The module, therefore, considers the significance of various legal and policy developments, including the Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction, the International Law Commission’s draft articles on the protection of persons in the event of disasters, and Guiding Principles on Internal Displacement. Specifically, the module introduces students to a body of law called international disaster relief or response law (IDRL). The module will also consider a number of case studies to illustrate the application of these principles and the difficulties in this application.

Module Overview

The Dissertation module comprises two elements: 1. Research methods (20%) The research methods element of the dissertation module comprises a total of four research training workshops (4 x 2hrs), two taking place in the Autumn term and two taking place in the Spring term. Students are assessed through a dissertation proposal. 2. The Dissertation (80%) The production of the dissertation itself provides the student with an opportunity to undertake a substantial piece of investigative academic work on a chosen area of conflict and disaster law. In the dissertation the students may develop ideas encountered in the taught modules or with other issues relevant to conflict and disaster law. The completed dissertation should be an original and independent piece of work. It should, in the context of existing knowledge, demonstrate in-depth understanding, critical analysis and original thinking, as well as general academic and communication skills. Undertaking the necessary research and writing the dissertation can provide academic opportunities to apply the research skills and presentational techniques developed during the programme.

Module Overview

The aim of this module is to introduce students to a dynamic area of law that has contemporary relevance in a rapidly changing world order. This module is focussed on the structure of international law. By examining theoretical and practical applications of International Law in both peaceful and non-peaceful contexts. The module will enable students to gain a critical understanding of the impact and operation of this area of law through applying what they have learned to contemporary issues.

Module Overview

The aim of this module is to examine the law on use of force, with particular focus on self-defence and intervention. The module will examine theoretical and practical applications of international law in this area and will enable students to gain a critical understanding of its impact and operation by applying legal principles to specific conflicts and interventions as case studies. The module has a key focus on controversial and contemporary issues such as self-defence against non-state actors, the unwilling and unable doctrine, and use of force in response to cyber-attacks, and it will engage in debates on the tensions between these and more traditional, established legal principles.

Module Overview

This module provides the opportunity for students to develop a critical understanding of the idea of international criminal justice. The module aims to address the key issues and concepts in and policies underlying the enforcement of international criminal law considering the legal and political environment in which international criminal courts and tribunals operate. The principle focus will be the international crimes which come within the jurisdiction of the current international courts and tribunals – that is war crimes, crimes against humanity, genocide and torture – and analysing whether these institutions are effective for the pursuit of justice and peace within the international system.

Module Overview

In this module students will be introduced to the different methods of international dispute resolution in both a public and private law context. This module explores the legal frameworks governing international dispute resolution along with both the political and legal context and concerns relating to them. The module will examine the principal approaches to the settlement of international disputes in public international law and will also introduce students to the increasingly important area of private international law. Students will gain an understanding of the nature of international disputes, both public and private, and the options for resolving them and how a chosen option might be informed by the type of dispute presented.

Module Overview

This module examines the development and operation of international environmental law, considering in particular the historical evolution of the law, the elaboration of multilateral environmental regimes and the increasing judicial attention given to environmental issues. The module will also consider the issue of responsibility and liability for harm from environmental degradation as it is tackled at the international level.

Module Overview

This module introduces students to the development and current legal framework of the law of armed conflict from the ‘laws of war’ to the more strongly humanitarian focus of the modern era. Students will apply their knowledge of legal principles to practical examples of conflicts, and the module will also explore areas of challenge for the current legal framework such as asymmetric warfare and non-State actors, and the development of new weapons.

Module Overview

The module introduces students to a dynamic and complex area of law that aims to respond to the forced migration of persons in the context of conflict and/or disaster. The module exposes students to the breadth of legal, policy and institutional responses to forced migration, and consciously encourages critique in the light of the reality that is continuing forced migration at a seemingly ever-increasing scale. The module also enables students to gain a critical understanding of the impact and operation of this area of law through applying what they have learned to contemporary contexts.

Module Overview

This module aims to provide students with the opportunity to develop an insight into the international role of the European Union (EU) and its global presence in an increasing number of areas beyond the regulation of external trade. The module offers a critical and contextual analysis of the role of the EU as a global actor, which is subdivided into two main parts: the constitutional aspects of EU External Relations Law and substantive aspects of EU External Relations Law. The module covers the following policy areas: the EU Common Commercial Policy (CCP), the European Neighbourhood Policy (ENP), the Euro-Mediterranean Partnership (EUROMED), the role of the EU in global humanitarian and development action and EU’s Common Foreign and Security Policy (CFSP).

† Some courses may offer optional modules. The availability of optional modules may vary from year to year and will be subject to minimum student numbers being achieved. This means that the availability of specific optional modules cannot be guaranteed. Optional module selection may also be affected by staff availability.

How you are assessed

All modules are assessed by written assignments. There is also a requirement to write a substantial dissertation. There are no examinations, written or oral.

Assessment Feedback

The University of Lincoln's policy on assessment feedback aims to ensure that academics will return in-course assessments to you promptly – usually within 15 working days after the submission date.

Modules are mainly assessed by written assignments, however, with some courses, modules may be assessed with student presentation. Students will also be expected to write a substantial dissertation. There are no written examinations.

Assessment Feedback

The University of Lincoln's policy on assessment feedback aims to ensure that academics will return in-course assessments to you promptly – usually within 15 working days after the submission date.

Fees and Scholarships

Postgraduate study is an investment in yourself and your future, and it's important to understand the costs involved and the funding options available before you start. A full breakdown of the fees associated with this programme can be found on our course fees pages.

Course Fees

There are more ways than ever before to fund your postgraduate study, whether you want to do a taught or research course. For those wishing to undertake a Master's course, you can apply for a loan as a contribution towards the course and living costs. Loans are also available to those who wish to undertake doctoral study. The University offers a number of scholarships and funded studentships for those interested in postgraduate study. Learn how Master's and PhD loans, scholarships, and studentships can help you fund your studies on our Postgraduate Fees and Funding pages.

Course-Specific Additional Costs

For each course you may find that there are additional costs. These may be with regard to the specific clothing, materials or equipment required. Some courses provide opportunities for you to undertake field work or field trips. Where these are compulsory, the cost for travel and accommodation will be covered by the University and so is included in your fee. Where these are optional, you will normally be required to pay your own transport, accommodation and general living costs.

With regards to text books, the University provides students who enrol with a comprehensive reading list and you will find that our extensive library holds either material or virtual versions of the core texts that you are required to read. However, you may prefer to purchase some of these for yourself and you will be responsible for this cost.

Postgraduate study is an investment in yourself and your future, and it's important to understand the costs involved and the funding options available before you start. A full breakdown of the fees associated with this programme can be found on our course fees pages.

Course Fees

There are more ways than ever before to fund your postgraduate study, whether you want to do a taught or research course. For those wishing to undertake a Master's course, you can apply for a loan as a contribution towards the course and living costs. Loans are also available to those who wish to undertake doctoral study. The University offers a number of scholarships and funded studentships for those interested in postgraduate study. Learn how Master's and PhD loans, scholarships, and studentships can help you fund your studies on our Postgraduate Fees and Funding pages.

Course-Specific Additional Costs

For each course you may find that there are additional costs. These may be with regard to the specific clothing, materials or equipment required. Some courses provide opportunities for you to undertake field work or field trips. Where these are compulsory, the cost for travel and accommodation will be covered by the University and so is included in your fee. Where these are optional, you will normally be required to pay your own transport, accommodation and general living costs.

With regards to text books, the University provides students who enrol with a comprehensive reading list and you will find that our extensive library holds either material or virtual versions of the core texts that you are required to read. However, you may prefer to purchase some of these for yourself and you will be responsible for this cost.

Entry Requirements 2020-21

A second class honours degree or above in any subject or relevant experience.

If you have studied outside of the UK, and are unsure whether your qualification meets the above requirements, please visit our country pages:

https://www.lincoln.ac.uk/home/studywithus/internationalstudents/entryrequirementsandyourcountry/ for information on equivalent qualifications.

Overseas students will be required to demonstrate English language proficiency equivalent to IELTS 6.5 overall, with a minimum of 6.0 in each element. For information regarding other English language qualifications we accept, please visit the English Requirements page:

https://www.lincoln.ac.uk/home/studywithus/internationalstudents/englishlanguagerequirementsandsupport/englishlanguagerequirements/.

If you do not meet the above IELTS requirements, you may be able to take part in one of our Pre-session English and Academic Study Skills courses:

https://www.lincoln.ac.uk/home/studywithus/internationalstudents/englishlanguagerequirementsandsupport/pre-sessionalenglishandacademicstudyskills/ . These specialist courses are designed to help students meet the English language requirements for their intended programme of study.

Entry Requirements 2021-22

A second class honours degree or above in any subject or relevant experience.

If you have studied outside of the UK, and are unsure whether your qualification meets the above requirements, please visit our country pages:

https://www.lincoln.ac.uk/home/studywithus/internationalstudents/entryrequirementsandyourcountry/ for information on equivalent qualifications.

Overseas students will be required to demonstrate English language proficiency equivalent to IELTS 6.5 overall, with a minimum of 6.0 in each element. For information regarding other English language qualifications we accept, please visit the English Requirements page:

https://www.lincoln.ac.uk/home/studywithus/internationalstudents/englishlanguagerequirementsandsupport/englishlanguagerequirements/.

If you do not meet the above IELTS requirements, you may be able to take part in one of our Pre-session English and Academic Study Skills courses:

https://www.lincoln.ac.uk/home/studywithus/internationalstudents/englishlanguagerequirementsandsupport/pre-sessionalenglishandacademicstudyskills/ . These specialist courses are designed to help students meet the English language requirements for their intended programme of study.

Teaching and Learning During Covid-19

At Lincoln, Covid-19 has encouraged us to review our practices and, as a result, to take the opportunity to find new ways to enhance the student experience. We have made changes to our teaching and learning approach and to our campus, to ensure that students and staff can enjoy a safe and positive learning experience. We will continue to follow Government guidance and work closely with the local Public Health experts as the situation progresses, and adapt our teaching and learning accordingly to keep our campus as safe as possible.

Career and Personal Development

The LLM courses at Lincoln Law School are designed to provide students with the opportunity to develop a solid bedrock in terms of knowledge and skills to pursue, or further develop their careers, whether they be in legal practice, working in business or industry, working for governmental or international organisations, for non-governmental organisations or in academia.

For those pursuing legal careers, there has been an increasing demand for lawyers with the necessary knowledge of international law. Many governmental and international organisations such as the United Nations and non-governmental organisations such as the International Committee of the Red Cross require the expertise of those with backgrounds in international law and specific expertise in developing areas such as disaster law.

Lincoln Law School has a strong corpus of lawyers with a range of expertise in different aspects of international law and aims to provide the perfect training ground from which lawyers seeking these types of careers can develop.

For those students seeking careers in academia, the LLM programmes that we offer, provide the opportunity to develop a natural grounding for anyone seeking to go on to study for an MPhil or PhD.

Whatever career path you are pursuing, Lincoln Law School in conjunction with the bespoke careers advice service within the University of Lincoln are on hand to work with you to maximise your potential and aim to ensure that you are best placed to be able to achieve your objectives.

Postgraduate Events

Find out more about how postgraduate study can help further your career, develop your knowledge, or even prepare you to start your own business at one of our postgraduate events.

Find out More

Related Courses

Research Areas and Topics

This programme has links to the Conflict and Disasters Research Group (CONDIS). You can find out more about the group online: https://www.lincoln.ac.uk/home/law/research/condis/

The University intends to provide its courses as outlined in these pages, although the University may make changes in accordance with the Student Admissions Terms and Conditions.
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