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LLB (Hons) Law and Criminology

LLB (Hons) 3 Years Up to 6 Years Lincoln Law School Lincoln Campus [L] Validated 320 Points M930

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This combination offers the chance to study for a qualifying law degree while deepening understanding about the causes and consequences of crime.

Law is concerned with the rules by which society is organised, how they can be changed and what happens when they are broken. It appeals to students with excellent problem-solving abilities who enjoy debating and critiquing.

Criminology is an interdisciplinary field that draws on sociology, anthropology, psychology and the law, meaning that you graduate from this programme well qualified for a diverse range of careers.

Criminology is a well-established discipline at Lincoln, that has received awards for teaching, and recorded high levels of student satisfaction and good employment prospects. It combines science, social science and politics with specialist areas such as youth culture, human rights, resistance, penal policy and war crimes. A programme of lectures by visiting experts offers opportunities to engage in real-world projects.


This course is accredited as a qualifying law degree by the Joint Academic Stage Board, on behalf of the Solicitors Regulation Authority and the Bar Standards Board. This means that, after successfully completing the course, you will have professional exemption from the Academic Stage of Legal Education and you can gain direct entry to the Vocational Stages.

How You Study

The Law School’s primary mission for teaching and learning is for the teaching staff to support and facilitate independent learning by students.

Students are provided with module documents (available on Blackboard) that give details of the lecture programme and seminar activities for the module along with information on required reading.

Lectures provide a guide to a topic, highlighting important areas and providing information on matters that may not be readily available from other sources. Seminars are normally held once a week for each module. Seminars are a forum for discussion and debate and are usually based on the preparation of an answer to a problem or a discussion topic.

The Law major constitutes two thirds of this joint course, which enables students to develop their skills and a sound knowledge of the professionally required foundation areas of law. The remaining third of the course is made up of Criminology modules.

In your first year, you study key social science concepts, social issues and justice, as well as the context of the English legal system – its origins, history and practices.

Second-year topics include the application of criminology and the way that findings translate into policy, criminal law, European Union law and land law

In your final year, you study equity and trusts and produce an extended dissertation in an area of your choice.

How You Are Assessed

Around 60 per cent of the course is assessed by examination of one form or another and the rationale for the percentage of examinations is driven by the professional bodies' requirements. Examinations include traditional unseen papers and pre-released problem questions.

In addition to examinations, students are assessed by coursework which takes the form of assignments, mooting, individual and group presentations and workbooks. Written assignments may be in the form of an in-depth case study, an essay or writing a review. Coursework provides students with an important opportunity to gauge how they are coping with various subject areas and levels of study before having to sit an examination.

What We Look For In Your Application

Curiosity, energy, interest and enthusiasm for the subject of law and commitment to successful completion of the three year course. The study of law at A Level is useful but not essential.

No specific skills are required but an interest and curiosity about the subject of law is important.

The course is contemporary and practical in the sense it does require a great deal of participation in seminars and problem-based learning. Excellent communication skills will be vital for the successful student.

Entry Requirements

Applicants must have a minimum of 320 UCAS tariff points. These should include at least two full A Levels, preferably three (or equivalent). They will also need at least five GCSEs at grade C or above, which must include English Language and Maths.

We also accept a wide range of other qualifications including the BTEC Extended Diploma, Diploma and Subsidiary Diploma, the European and International Baccalaureate Diplomas, and Advanced Diplomas. You can find tariff values on the UCAS website

We encourage applications from mature students and we will give special individual consideration to those who are in this category and do not have the standard entry requirements.

Students whose first language is not English will also need British Council IELTS band 6.0 or above or equivalent.

If you would like further information about entry requirements, or would like to discuss whether the qualifications you are currently studying are acceptable, please contact the Admissions team on 01522 886097, or email

Level 1

Constitutional and Administrative Law

This module examines the principles and operation of the British Constitution and system of government. In particular, it is concerned with “the law about government', and the relationship between the institutions of government and between government and the citizen. The module is designed to introduce key legal and political concepts and to foster critical appraisal of legal rules and of the institutions and processes of government, and the legal and political constraints placed upon the exercise of governmental power.

The study of Administrative Law provides a critical understanding of the extent of judicial control on governmental bodies through an examination of the law of judicial review.

Contract Law

The aim of this module is to introduce students to general principles of contract law. The module will develop an understanding of enforceable civil law obligations based on agreements and, in doing so, will complement civil law obligations in respect of tortious wrongs covered by the Tort Law module. A sound grounding in the general principles of contract law will equip students to deal with those legal subjects which are based on contract and which are subsequently encountered in their legal studies. Although there is general academic agreement on what constitutes the substantive content of the law of contract, in any year of operation due emphasis will be given to issues of current concern. Students will also be introduced in this module to the civil process and they will be given an overview of the various stages in bringing an action for breach of contract up to and including the courts and the benefits of settling a contractual dispute through some form of alternative dispute resolution such as arbitration. As with the study of any legal subject, students will be encouraged to engage in intellectual development and to develop transferable skills.

Images of Crime and Criminal Justice

The aim of the module is to provide students with a deep understanding of the main components of the Criminal Justice ‘System’, through an analysis of criminal justice policies and practices. The module explores popular images of criminal justice, and contrasts these depictions with an informed examination of a number of the central pillars of this alleged ‘system. The complexities and contradictions which exist within the so-called ‘system’ of criminal justice are drawn out. The reality of criminal justice mechanisms are tested against their supposed key principles - such as the due processes of law, justice and fairness. The relationship between images of crime and the resulting criminal justice response forms the basis of the Module, and it is hoped that this introduction will encourage students to consider the extent of the so-called ‘problem of crime’ and the limits of current criminal justice ‘solutions’.

Legal Systems and Skills

This module assumes no prior knowledge of law. It will introduce students to legal thinking both in terms of philosophy of law and also how judicial decisions are made. Students will develop an understanding of the history of the English Legal System and its modern operation and processes. They will be introduced to human rights as a cornerstone of the English legal system and also look at other legal systems by way of comparison. Students will also learn the skills necessary, such as legal research and construction of arguments, to be successful in their degree and subsequent career. The legal profession will be examined as well as consideration of legal ethics.

Level 2

Applying Criminology

The aim of this module is to develop the rudimentary and student-centred grasp of 'crime' developed through the more general approach to 'law, crime and order' fostered at foundation level and to subject it to more sustained theoretical, political and practical interrogation. The focus upon crime is a dual one; in that it is at once a subject accessible via direct and indirect experience and one that has the potential to display the interplay between theory and practice. Above all, the module aims to explore the way in which the emergence of Criminology as a discipline is of theoretical, practical and political importance. ‘Applying Criminology?’ examines different public images and theoretical conceptions of crime and criminal justice and the variety of ways in which Criminology can be constructed and used. As such, it addresses the context of ideas about crime and punishment and the theoretical underpinnings of contemporary perspectives on, policies for, and alternatives to, 'crime' control. The module subjects to particular attention the conditions for the generation of a 'crime control' agenda.

Criminal Law

This module will introduce students to the general principles of English Criminal Law, with particular emphasis on the essential elements of a crime, namely 'actus reus' and 'mens rea', strict, vicarious and corporate liability and the defences. But also to the nature of liability in relation to offences against the person, for example, murder, manslaughter, assault and battery, sexual offences and offences in relation to property, for example, theft, fraud and criminal damage will be analysed. This module will enable students to understand the relationship between criminal and civil law and introduce them to the criminal justice system.

European Union Law

The aim of the European Union Law module is to develop students' understanding of the Constitution and Institutions of the European Union and, in particular, the constitutional principles, the administrative and procedural law, and substantive policies of the European Union. Students will be expected to understand the relationship between European Union law and national law; and to appraise the principles of supremacy and direct effect, and the principles of interpretation and Member State liability. The role and jurisdiction of the Court of Justice of the European Union will be examined concerning enforcement, preliminary rulings and judicial review. Students will acquire an understanding of substantive European Union law through the study of the free movement of goods and workers; the freedom to move and reside of citizens of the Union; social policy and equality of treatment and pay in employment; and, in an area of freedom, justice and security, the European arrest warrant and migration and asylum issues.

Land Law

The aim of this module is to develop an in-depth knowledge of the complex subject of land law. Students will explore the property rights which can exist with respect to land law and the relationships that individuals and organisations have with each other and with the state. There will be consideration of freehold and leasehold estates, and registration of land. The nature of legal and equitable rights will be identified with the concept of a trust. Students will study how property rights can be acquired, how they may need protection, and how they may be alientated. Third party interests in land, such as easements, covenants and mortgages, will be examined. There will also be consideration of the obligations existing as between landlord and tenant in leases.

Level 3

Equity and Trusts

The aim is, in part, to build on skills already acquired in the previous two years through other subjects such as legal reasoning and problem solving. Initially, students will be introduced to the doctrine, maxims and remedies of Equity but the main emphasis will be upon the nature of a trust which has always been the principal concern of Equity. The classification, nature and creation of various types of express and implied trusts will be considered together with the appointment, powers and duties of trustees. The law relating to charitable trusts will be examined and the module will conclude with an investigation of the implications of a breach of trust.

Human Rights (Social Sciences)

This module addresses the general ideas of Human Rights and focuses in particular on the critical reading of Human Rights as one single universal paradigm. The practical critique of Human Rights proposed in this module is founded on the belief that Human Rights are important and worthy of protection. The three main propositions outlined in this module relate to the presentation of Human Rights as if they are universal; the notion that they pertain to a logic which focuses on the individual to the neglect of solidarity and other social values; and the argument that the concept of Human Rights derives from a reasoning which is far too abstract.

The academic interdisciplinary approach of this module should be emphasised, as the aid of several disciplines will be called upon, mainly but not exclusively, politics, legal philosophy, sociology, anthropology, international relation studies, post-colonial studies and criminology, in order to deconstruct the notion of the universality of Human Rights.

Law of Tort

The module aims to introduce students to the general principles of civil liability for tortious wrongs. It complements the Contract Law module which is taught at Level One. The Law of Tort is predominantly a common law subject although there are certain statute based torts which are covered by the module. The study of this module necessitates a holistic approach to study, given that a true picture of a tort, i.e. the tort of negligence can only be captured after a study period of at least four weeks. The study of later torts, i.e. psychiatric harm builds upon the foundations laid down in the tort of negligence. It is also necessary to appreciate the social context in which tortious principles and their applications have been developed. The case law often examples the important role that judicial policy plays in determining the extent of tortious liability.

Penology and Penal Policy

This module aims to locate the theory, practice and history of punishment and penal policy in the context of social control in general. As well as addressing the philosophy of punishment, in terms of core concepts of justice, desert, deterrence, retribution, rehabilitation, reparation etc., it seeks to examine the way in which social control is a fundamental aspect of social relations. Thus it examines legal and non-legal forms of social control and examines the complex interrelationships between the two, together with the historical and practical dynamic of each. A major concern is the control of dangerousness, the self, and risk, through legal and extra-legal means, and the increasingly involved or mixed nature of social and legal sanctions. Current penal practice is subject to theoretical examination, especially in relation to punishment in the community, dangerousness, rehabilitation, monetary sanctions, re-integrative shaming, restorative justice and longer than normal sentencing. The place of the prison is addressed both as a historical feature and as an object of reform/abolition. In addition, the nature and future of imprisonment and alternatives to imprisonment are subject to critical attention. Human rights and the impact of victimology upon penology and penal practice are also a core concern. Finally, the issue of forms and practices of resistance to social control are addressed insofar as they illuminate the nature and meaning of social control within society.

War Crimes and Genocide

This module is constructed as an attempt to understand the ‘anatomy’ of war crimes and genocide – their origins, ideological basis, socio-political contexts, the techniques and technologies used and relevant theoretical perspectives. The module considers the historical, philosophical, political and sociological aspects of war crimes and genocide and for this reason it is particularly appealing to students who wish to develop a wider understanding of academic disciplines such as criminology, sociology, international relations, politics, psychology, law and modern and contemporary history.

The module will include consideration of key case-studies which may include Armenia, Rwanda, Sudan, the Former Republic of Yugoslavia, Cambodia and Tibet. This module will also offer some reflections on responses to genocide and discuss the challenges involved in addressing these particular categories of crimes at the international level.

Special Features & Research Highlights

Legal Heritage

Law has a long and illustrious heritage in Lincoln, from the city’s possession of one of only four original copies of the 1215 Magna Carta to the work of its law courts today.

Law Clinic

There will be opportunities outside of seminars to participate in mooting and negotiation competitions either in the University or nationally through the student Law Society. There is also a Law Clinic when students have the opportunity to give advice to fellow-students on legal problems under supervision.

Teaching Excellence

The University of Lincoln won the annual National Award for Excellence in Teaching Criminology from the British Society of Criminology in 2013.

Criminology Research

There is an active and broad academic research base, which includes study in the areas of war crimes, the penal system, philosophy of punishment, the social exclusion of older people, domestic violence, and the policing of lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender people.

Student as Producer

Student as Producer is a development of the University of Lincoln's policy of research-informed teaching to research-engaged teaching. Research-engaged teaching involves more research and research-like activities at the core of the undergraduate curriculum. A significant amount of teaching at the University of Lincoln is already research-engaged.

Student as Producer will make research-engaged teaching an institutional priority, across all colleges and subject areas. In this way students become part of the academic project of the University and collaborators with academics in the production of knowledge and meaning. Research-engaged teaching is grounded in the intellectual history and tradition of the modern university.

Please visit the Student as Producer website for further information. []


Lincoln Law School is based in the recently refurbished David Chiddick building, which provides students with teaching and learning space including lecture theatres, workshop rooms, an IT/language lab and a mooting chamber, as well as places to meet and eat with friends.

Career Opportunities

This course is recognised as a qualifying law degree by the professional bodies. This means that graduates can proceed directly to the Bar Professional Training Course or the Legal Practice Course.

Graduates have pursued legal practice and legally related careers. Others use their degrees for careers in the police and criminal justice networks or for securing commissions in the services.

Careers Service

The University Careers and Employability Team offers qualified advisors who can work with you to provide tailored, individual support and careers advice during your time at the University and once you graduate.

This service includes one-to-one coaching, CV advice and interview preparation to help you maximise your future opportunities. Having achieved new knowledge and skills, you will be fully supported to fulfil your career ambitions.

The service works closely with local, national and international employers, acting as a gateway to the business world.

Visit our Careers Service pages for further information. []

What's Included?

At Lincoln, we constantly invest in our campus to provide the best learning environment for our students. You can study in style and comfort in our well-resourced library or complete group work and exchange ideas in innovative learning spaces across the campus. There is access to the latest equipment and cutting-edge laboratories for studies in the sciences and social sciences. There are modern studios and well-equipped workshops for practice in the arts, and industry-standard production facilities for a range of media. On some courses, students will need additional, specialist resources or equipment to enable them to pursue their courses. Where appropriate these will be provided by the relevant School.


2015 Entry UK/EUInternational
Full-time £9,000 per level £12,084 per level
Part-time £75 per credit point £101 per credit point
Placement (optional) Exempt Exempt

For further information and for details about funding your study, please see our UK/EU Fees & Funding pages or our International funding and scholarship pages. [] []

The University intends to provide its courses as outlined in these pages. Occasionally provision may be altered in order to meet changing circumstances or to keep courses up to date with trends and developments in subject areas. Specific programme queries should be directed to the teaching department. Fees for all our courses may increase each year in line with government regulations and are subject to change.

Always check our website for the latest information about entry tariffs, fees & funding before making your application to the University.