Course Information

LLB (Hons) Law and Criminology

LLB (Hons) Law and Criminology

LLB (Hons) 3 Years Up to 6 Years Lincoln Law School Lincoln Campus [L] Validated 320 Points M930 LLB (Hons) 3 Years Up to 6 Years Lincoln Law School Lincoln Campus [L] Validated 320 points M930

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Clearing 2014

This course is available for 2014 entry.
Call the Clearing Hotline on 01522 886622.

Students will gain a sound grasp of the principles of law through the study of subjects such as Law of Contract, Law of Tort, Constitutional Law, European Union Law, Criminal Law, Land Law and Equity and Trusts and Legal Skills.

Students will also be able to study core Criminology modules such as Images of Crime and Social Control, Applying Criminology, Harm, Agency and Regulation, Penology and Penal Policy and War, Crimes and Genocide.

Introduction

This joint degree enables students to combine the study of Law with the study of Criminology and acquire a professionally accredited Law degree.

The Law major constitutes two thirds of this joint course, which enables students to develop their skills and a sound knowledge of the professionally required foundation areas of law. The remaining third of the course is made up of Criminology modules.

The course has been designed to give students a good knowledge of substantive law and to develop their skills as a practical lawyer from day one.

With two related areas of expertise with which to attract prospective employers, our graduates are highly sought after.

Is This Course Right For Me?

This course is suitable for students of all ages provided that they have a definite interest in studying Law and Criminology that they are fully committed towards devoting three years towards the attainment of this degree.

It may provide students with opportunities for further development of a legal career as a qualifying law degree or in other areas depending on their choice of career path. An important focus of the course is to enable the personal development of each individual student.

How You Study

The Law School’s primary mission for teaching and learning is for the teaching staff to support and facilitate independent learning by students.

This perhaps supports the view that law is learned more than it is taught.

The Law School recognises that the most important part of the study of law is the effort and work the law student makes themselves and so a large part of the study of law is the student studying on their own. The role of the tutor is to assist students to be independent learners and the main way this role is fulfilled is by the delivery of the lecture/seminar course.

Students are provided with module documents (available on Blackboard) that give details of the lecture programme and seminar activities for the module along with information on required reading.

The Law School, as part of its learning and teaching strategy, aims to ensure that research within the programme team actively informs the teaching and curriculum development of the various modules.

Lectures

Lectures provide a guide to a topic, highlighting important areas and providing information on matters that may not be readily available from other sources. The lecturer will also point out areas of difficulty where the law may be in some way problematic, contentious, unsettled or unclear.

Seminars

Seminars are normally held once a week for each module. The seminars are an opportunity for students to consolidate their learning. Seminars are a forum for discussion and debate and are usually based on the preparation of an answer to a problem or a discussion topic. This approach encourages students not only to acquire legal knowledge but also to develop their understanding of problem solving, analysis and evaluation. The importance of careful preparation for seminars and, in particular, the reviewing and analysis of primary and secondary sources of information is stressed to students throughout. From the outset of the course, students start to develop their research skills, particularly in the Legal Skills module and through use of the Study Skills Handbook.

E-seminars

The course approach to teaching and learning will be enhanced through the use of E-seminars. E-seminars are currently used in the Contract Law Level One module. The E-seminars take place in an IT lab. Students work in small groups and they are given the task to construct and present a legal argument based on the topic discussed the previous week in the lecture. The students must construct their arguments using a variety of materials, both primary and secondary sources, to be found electronically under a time constraint. One of the aims of E-seminars is to make the learning process more 'alive' and to allow group members to share thoughts and ideas through the process of researching and constructing a legal argument together. Because of the time constraint, students are encouraged to work efficiently, quickly and effectively and to become proficient researchers.

How You Are Assessed

A variety of assessment methods are used to test subject knowledge and understanding.

Overall, about 60% of the course is assessed by examination of one form or another and the rationale for the percentage of examinations is driven by the professional bodies' requirements. Examinations include traditional unseen papers and pre-released problem questions.

In addition to examinations, students are assessed by coursework which takes the form of assignments, mooting, individual and group presentations and workbooks. Written assignments may be in the form of an in-depth case study, an essay or writing a review. Coursework provides students with an important opportunity to gauge how they are coping with various subject areas and levels of study before having to sit an examination.

These methods of assessment allow students to show how they have acquired both legal knowledge and the ability to think critically about the subject. But also, they allow the student to reflect on the feedback given for an assessed piece of work and to think of ways to improve the quality of their work before they sit an examination at the end of the academic year or attempt another piece of coursework.

The assessment regime also allows students to demonstrate the acquisition of key skills. Written assignments allow students to demonstrate their ability to select, interpret and summarise legal sources. In addition, students' written assignments, as well as examinations, allow them to show that they have developed their literacy and proficiency in the use of technical legal language as well as having developed their ability to produce a sound argument based on coherence and logic. The development of oral skills and the ability to be persuasive are assessed through presentations and mooting.

The assessment strategy adopted within Criminology encompasses a variety of modes of assessment which are employed at each level, and are designed to test and enhance students’ knowledge, skills and abilities as well as to prepare them for the demands of work. The assessment methods deployed at different levels of the degree course are specifically designed to reflect the learning outcomes appropriate to that level, and to encourage progression in the acquisition of both the knowledge base and skills appropriate to a student’s undergraduate career.

More specifically, in terms of knowledge, it is expected that students will progress from a preliminary deconstruction of commonsense themes and political issues at Level One to pursue more theoretically applied unit at Levels Two and a more theoretically aware and critical stance at Level Three. In terms of skills, it is expected that students will progress from developing essential basic academic research and study skills in Level One to the development of problem-solving, critical evaluation, analytical and argumentative skills at Level Two with their further refinement enhanced by greater degree of reflection at Level Three.

The individual module assessments are geared to the particular module’s learning outcomes. However, the Criminology modules as a whole aim to produce a balance between different types of assessment and to ensure that students will be exposed to as diverse range of assessments as possible.

What We Look For In Your Application

Curiosity, energy, interest and enthusiasm for the subject of law and commitment to successful completion of the three year course. The study of law at A Level is useful but not essential.

No specific skills are required but an interest and curiosity about the subject of law is important.

The course is contemporary and practical in the sense it does require a great deal of participation in seminars and problem-based learning. Excellent communication skills will be vital for the successful student.

Entry Requirements

Applicants should have a minimum of 320 UCAS Tariff points from a minimum of two A Levels (or the equivalent). In addition to the minimum of two A Levels, other qualifications such as AS Levels, the Extended Project and the ASDAN CoPE for example, will be counted towards the 320 point requirement.

We also accept a wide range of other qualifications including the BTEC Extended Diploma, Diploma and Subsidiary Diploma, the European and International Baccalaureate Diplomas, and Advanced Diplomas. You can find tariff values on the UCAS website http://lncn.eu/cdez

Applicants will also be required to have at least five GCSEs at grade C or above (or the equivalent), including English Language.

Applications are welcomed from mature students who are studying towards an Access to Higher Education programme. A minimum of 45 level 3 credits at merit or above will be required. We will also consider applicants with extensive relevant work experience.

If you would like further information about entry requirements, or would like to discuss whether the qualifications you are currently studying are acceptable, please contact the Admissions team on 01522 886097, or email admissions@lincoln.ac.uk.

Level 1

Constitutional and Administrative Law

This module examines the principles and operation of the British Constitution and system of government. In particular, it is concerned with “the law about government', and the relationship between the institutions of government and between government and the citizen. The module is designed to introduce key legal and political concepts and to foster critical appraisal of legal rules and of the institutions and processes of government, and the legal and political constraints placed upon the exercise of governmental power.

The study of Administrative Law provides a critical understanding of the extent of judicial control on governmental bodies through an examination of the law of judicial review.

Contract Law

The aim of this module is to introduce students to general principles of contract law. The module will develop an understanding of enforceable civil law obligations based on agreements and, in doing so, will complement civil law obligations in respect of tortious wrongs covered by the Tort Law module. A sound grounding in the general principles of contract law will equip students to deal with those legal subjects which are based on contract and which are subsequently encountered in their legal studies. Although there is general academic agreement on what constitutes the substantive content of the law of contract, in any year of operation due emphasis will be given to issues of current concern. Students will also be introduced in this module to the civil process and they will be given an overview of the various stages in bringing an action for breach of contract up to and including the courts and the benefits of settling a contractual dispute through some form of alternative dispute resolution such as arbitration. As with the study of any legal subject, students will be encouraged to engage in intellectual development and to develop transferable skills.

Images of Crime and Criminal Justice

The aim of the module is to provide students with a deep understanding of the main components of the Criminal Justice ‘System’, through an analysis of criminal justice policies and practices. The module explores popular images of criminal justice, and contrasts these depictions with an informed examination of a number of the central pillars of this alleged ‘system. The complexities and contradictions which exist within the so-called ‘system’ of criminal justice are drawn out. The reality of criminal justice mechanisms are tested against their supposed key principles - such as the due processes of law, justice and fairness. The relationship between images of crime and the resulting criminal justice response forms the basis of the Module, and it is hoped that this introduction will encourage students to consider the extent of the so-called ‘problem of crime’ and the limits of current criminal justice ‘solutions’.

Legal Systems and Skills

This module assumes no prior knowledge of law. It will introduce students to legal thinking both in terms of philosophy of law and also how judicial decisions are made. Students will develop an understanding of the history of the English Legal System and its modern operation and processes. They will be introduced to human rights as a cornerstone of the English legal system and also look at other legal systems by way of comparison. Students will also learn the skills necessary, such as legal research and construction of arguments, to be successful in their degree and subsequent career. The legal profession will be examined as well as consideration of legal ethics.

Level 2

Applying Criminology

The aim of this module is to develop the rudimentary and student-centred grasp of 'crime' developed through the more general approach to 'law, crime and order' fostered at foundation level and to subject it to more sustained theoretical, political and practical interrogation. The focus upon crime is a dual one; in that it is at once a subject accessible via direct and indirect experience and one that has the potential to display the interplay between theory and practice. Above all, the module aims to explore the way in which the emergence of Criminology as a discipline is of theoretical, practical and political importance. ‘Applying Criminology?’ examines different public images and theoretical conceptions of crime and criminal justice and the variety of ways in which Criminology can be constructed and used. As such, it addresses the context of ideas about crime and punishment and the theoretical underpinnings of contemporary perspectives on, policies for, and alternatives to, 'crime' control. The module subjects to particular attention the conditions for the generation of a 'crime control' agenda.

Criminal Law

This module will introduce students to the general principles of English Criminal Law, with particular emphasis on the essential elements of a crime, namely 'actus reus' and 'mens rea', strict, vicarious and corporate liability and the defences. But also to the nature of liability in relation to offences against the person, for example, murder, manslaughter, assault and battery, sexual offences and offences in relation to property, for example, theft, fraud and criminal damage will be analysed. This module will enable students to understand the relationship between criminal and civil law and introduce them to the criminal justice system.

European Union Law

The aim of the European Union Law module is to develop students' understanding of the Constitution and Institutions of the European Union and, in particular, the constitutional principles, the administrative and procedural law, and substantive policies of the European Union. Students will be expected to understand the relationship between European Union law and national law; and to appraise the principles of supremacy and direct effect, and the principles of interpretation and Member State liability. The role and jurisdiction of the Court of Justice of the European Union will be examined concerning enforcement, preliminary rulings and judicial review. Students will acquire an understanding of substantive European Union law through the study of the free movement of goods and workers; the freedom to move and reside of citizens of the Union; social policy and equality of treatment and pay in employment; and, in an area of freedom, justice and security, the European arrest warrant and migration and asylum issues.

Land Law

The aim of this module is to develop an in-depth knowledge of the complex subject of land law. Students will explore the property rights which can exist with respect to land law and the relationships that individuals and organisations have with each other and with the state. There will be consideration of freehold and leasehold estates, and registration of land. The nature of legal and equitable rights will be identified with the concept of a trust. Students will study how property rights can be acquired, how they may need protection, and how they may be alientated. Third party interests in land, such as easements, covenants and mortgages, will be examined. There will also be consideration of the obligations existing as between landlord and tenant in leases.

Level 3

Equity and Trusts

The aim is, in part, to build on skills already acquired in the previous two years through other subjects such as legal reasoning and problem solving. Initially, students will be introduced to the doctrine, maxims and remedies of Equity but the main emphasis will be upon the nature of a trust which has always been the principal concern of Equity. The classification, nature and creation of various types of express and implied trusts will be considered together with the appointment, powers and duties of trustees. The law relating to charitable trusts will be examined and the module will conclude with an investigation of the implications of a breach of trust.

Human Rights (Social Sciences)

This module addresses the general ideas of Human Rights and focuses in particular on the critical reading of Human Rights as one single universal paradigm. The practical critique of Human Rights proposed in this module is founded on the belief that Human Rights are important and worthy of protection. The three main propositions outlined in this module relate to the presentation of Human Rights as if they are universal; the notion that they pertain to a logic which focuses on the individual to the neglect of solidarity and other social values; and the argument that the concept of Human Rights derives from a reasoning which is far too abstract.

The academic interdisciplinary approach of this module should be emphasised, as the aid of several disciplines will be called upon, mainly but not exclusively, politics, legal philosophy, sociology, anthropology, international relation studies, post-colonial studies and criminology, in order to deconstruct the notion of the universality of Human Rights.

Law of Tort

The module aims to introduce students to the general principles of civil liability for tortious wrongs. It complements the Contract Law module which is taught at Level One. The Law of Tort is predominantly a common law subject although there are certain statute based torts which are covered by the module. The study of this module necessitates a holistic approach to study, given that a true picture of a tort, i.e. the tort of negligence can only be captured after a study period of at least four weeks. The study of later torts, i.e. psychiatric harm builds upon the foundations laid down in the tort of negligence. It is also necessary to appreciate the social context in which tortious principles and their applications have been developed. The case law often examples the important role that judicial policy plays in determining the extent of tortious liability.

Penology and Penal Policy

This module aims to locate the theory, practice and history of punishment and penal policy in the context of social control in general. As well as addressing the philosophy of punishment, in terms of core concepts of justice, desert, deterrence, retribution, rehabilitation, reparation etc., it seeks to examine the way in which social control is a fundamental aspect of social relations. Thus it examines legal and non-legal forms of social control and examines the complex interrelationships between the two, together with the historical and practical dynamic of each. A major concern is the control of dangerousness, the self, and risk, through legal and extra-legal means, and the increasingly involved or mixed nature of social and legal sanctions. Current penal practice is subject to theoretical examination, especially in relation to punishment in the community, dangerousness, rehabilitation, monetary sanctions, re-integrative shaming, restorative justice and longer than normal sentencing. The place of the prison is addressed both as a historical feature and as an object of reform/abolition. In addition, the nature and future of imprisonment and alternatives to imprisonment are subject to critical attention. Human rights and the impact of victimology upon penology and penal practice are also a core concern. Finally, the issue of forms and practices of resistance to social control are addressed insofar as they illuminate the nature and meaning of social control within society.

War Crimes and Genocide

This module is constructed as an attempt to understand the ‘anatomy’ of war crimes and genocide – their origins, ideological basis, socio-political contexts, the techniques and technologies used and relevant theoretical perspectives. The module considers the historical, philosophical, political and sociological aspects of war crimes and genocide and for this reason it is particularly appealing to students who wish to develop a wider understanding of academic disciplines such as criminology, sociology, international relations, politics, psychology, law and modern and contemporary history.

The module will include consideration of key case-studies which may include Armenia, Rwanda, Sudan, the Former Republic of Yugoslavia, Cambodia and Tibet. This module will also offer some reflections on responses to genocide and discuss the challenges involved in addressing these particular categories of crimes at the international level.

Special Features & Research Highlights

The aim of all courses in the Law School is to produce independent, enquiring and knowledgeable graduates. They should enjoy learning, be enterprising, employable, self-aware, be able to take career and other opportunities in life and to make a positive contribution to society.

All students on the course will be given the opportunity to develop their legal skills through activities in seminars such as presentations and mooting (a mock appeal where points of law are argued in an appeal court).

There will be opportunities outside of seminars to participate in mooting and negotiation competitions either in the University or nationally through the student Law Society. There is also a Law Clinic when students have the opportunity to give advice to fellow-students on legal problems under supervision.

Placements

The LL.B (Hons) in Law and Criminology course is a three year qualifying degree accredited by the JASB (Joint Academic Standards Board) on behalf of the Solicitor’s Regulatory Authority and the Bar Standards Board.

A qualifying degree means that on successful completion of the programme students will have professional exemption from the Academic Stage of Legal Education and gain direct entry to the Vocational Stages.

Student as Producer

Student as Producer is a development of the University of Lincoln's policy of research-informed teaching to research-engaged teaching. Research-engaged teaching involves more research and research-like activities at the core of the undergraduate curriculum. A significant amount of teaching at the University of Lincoln is already research-engaged.

Student as Producer will make research-engaged teaching an institutional priority, across all colleges and subject areas. In this way students become part of the academic project of the University and collaborators with academics in the production of knowledge and meaning. Research-engaged teaching is grounded in the intellectual history and tradition of the modern university.

Please visit the Student as Producer website for further information. [http://studentasproducer.lincoln.ac.uk/]

Facilities

Lincoln Law School is based in the David Chiddick building alongside Lincoln Business School.

The building was completely refurbished in 2010 and provides students with teaching and learning space including lecture theatres, workshop rooms, an IT/language lab and a mooting chamber, along with places to meet and eat with friends and staff.

The building provides high quality spaces for teaching and group learning and is the perfect setting for successful Law School students to learn and develop.

Career Opportunities

This course is recognised as a qualifying law degree by the professional bodies. This means that graduates can proceed directly to the Bar Professional Training Course or the Legal Practice Course.

Graduates have pursued legal practice and legally related careers. Others use their degrees for careers in the police and criminal justice networks or for securing commissions in the services.

Careers Service

While you are at the University of Lincoln, you will have different services at your disposal that will help you best prepare for your future career.

The University's Careers & Employability Team offers qualified advisors who can work with you to provide tailored, individual support and careers advice during your time at the University and once you graduate.

This service includes one-to-one coaching, CV advice and interview preparation to help you maximise your future opportunities. Having achieved new knowledge and skills, you will be fully supported to fulfil your career ambitions.

The service works closely with local, national and international employers, acting as a gateway to the business world. It advertises a range of graduate positions around the country.

Visit our Careers Service pages for further information. [http://www.lincoln.ac.uk/home/campuslife/studentsupport/studentcareersservice/]

What's Included?

At the University of Lincoln, we provide access to excellent teaching and learning facilities, library materials, laboratories, laboratory equipment, consumables and IT equipment that you would expect to find included in your tuition fee.

In addition, we cover other necessary costs associated with modules which are a compulsory part of your course. These compulsory items are included in your tuition fee.

Introduction

This combination offers the chance to study for a qualifying law degree while deepening understanding about the causes and consequences of crime.

Law is concerned with the rules by which society is organised, how they can be changed and what happens when they are broken. It appeals to students with excellent problem-solving abilities who enjoy debating and critiquing.

Criminology is an interdisciplinary field that draws on sociology, anthropology, psychology and the law, meaning that you graduate from this programme well qualified for a diverse range of careers.

Criminology is a well-established discipline at Lincoln, that has received awards for teaching, and recorded high levels of student satisfaction and good employment prospects. It combines science, social science and politics with specialist areas such as youth culture, human rights, resistance, penal policy and war crimes. A programme of lectures by visiting experts offers opportunities to engage in real-world projects.

Accreditations

This course is accredited as a qualifying law degree by the Joint Academic Stage Board, on behalf of the Solicitors Regulation Authority and the Bar Standards Board. This means that, after successfully completing the course, you will have professional exemption from the Academic Stage of Legal Education and you can gain direct entry to the Vocational Stages.

Is This Course Right For Me?

This course is suitable for students of all ages provided that they have a definite interest in studying Law and Criminology that they are fully committed towards devoting three years towards the attainment of this degree.

How You Study

The Law School’s primary mission for teaching and learning is for the teaching staff to support and facilitate independent learning by students.

Students are provided with module documents (available on Blackboard) that give details of the lecture programme and seminar activities for the module along with information on required reading.

Lectures provide a guide to a topic, highlighting important areas and providing information on matters that may not be readily available from other sources. Seminars are normally held once a week for each module. Seminars are a forum for discussion and debate and are usually based on the preparation of an answer to a problem or a discussion topic.

How You Are Assessed

Around 60 per cent of the course is assessed by examination of one form or another and the rationale for the percentage of examinations is driven by the professional bodies' requirements. Examinations include traditional unseen papers and pre-released problem questions.

In addition to examinations, students are assessed by coursework which takes the form of assignments, mooting, individual and group presentations and workbooks. Written assignments may be in the form of an in-depth case study, an essay or writing a review. Coursework provides students with an important opportunity to gauge how they are coping with various subject areas and levels of study before having to sit an examination.

What We Look For In Your Application

Curiosity, energy, interest and enthusiasm for the subject of law and commitment to successful completion of the three year course. The study of law at A Level is useful but not essential.

Entry Requirements

Applicants must have a minimum of 320 UCAS tariff points. These should include at least two full A Levels, preferably three (or equivalent). They will also need at least five GCSEs at grade C or above, which must include English Language and Maths.

We encourage applications from mature students and we will give special individual consideration to those who are in this category and do not have the standard entry requirements.

Students whose first language is not English will also need British Council IELTS band 6.0 or above or equivalent.

Level 1

Constitutional Law

The aim of this module is to examine the principles and operation of the UK constitution and system of government. In particular, it is concerned with “the law about government', and the relationship between the institutions of government and between government and the citizen. The module is designed to introduce key legal and political concepts (some of which will be developed further in The Citizen and the State module) and to foster critical appraisal of legal rules and of the institutions and processes of government. The module examines the general principles and structure of the United Kingdom's constitution and system of government, paying attention to the location of political power and the constraints placed upon the exercise of governmental power. The objective of the section in the module on European Governance is to enable students to examine and analyse the development of the EU’s legal and constitutional framework. They will then be able to understand and analyse the impact of membership of the European Union on the development of the legal system at national level.

Contract Law

The aim of this module is to introduce students to general principles of contract law. The module will develop an understanding of enforceable civil law obligations based on agreements and, in doing so, will complement civil law obligations in respect of tortious wrongs covered by the Tort Law module. A sound grounding in the general principles of contract law will equip students to deal with those legal subjects which are based on contract and which are subsequently encountered in their legal studies. Although there is general academic agreement on what constitutes the substantive content of the law of contract, in any year of operation due emphasis will be given to issues of current concern. Students will also be introduced in this module to the civil process and they will be given an overview of the various stages in bringing an action for breach of contract up to and including the courts and the benefits of settling a contractual dispute through some form of alternative dispute resolution such as arbitration. As with the study of any legal subject, students will be encouraged to engage in intellectual development and to develop transferable skills.

Images of Crime and Social Control

The aim of this module is to facilitate a critical engagement with the dominant ideological depictions of crime and criminality. It seeks to challenge the way in which these interpretations inform commonsense explanations of, and responses to, crime and criminality. It explores recurring claims found in popular, media and political discourses and compares these with more criminological and academic insights in order to achieve a more comprehensive understanding of these issues/problems. In so doing the module will look at the costs of crime myths and contrasting crime 'realities' in terms of public anxieties, political discourses, criminal justice policies and practices. The introduction and evaluation of various responses will encourage students to consider the extent and limits of potential 'solutions'. This will be done through looking at key images of crime/criminality. For instance the study of prostitution will invite explanations of the various issues involved there in at common sense and more theoretical levels.

Legal Skills

The overall aim of this module is to introduce the student to basic legal skills and how to use those skills effectively. Specifically, the objectives of this module are to teach the sources of law; how to find the law and to use legal materials to present reasoned arguments orally or in writing and to instil an ability to communicate effectively in a variety of forms. The skills learnt in this module will be fundamental to all the modules studied on the degree programme. Further this module will assist with one of the ultimate goals of developing students as independent learners.

The Citizen and the State

The aim of the module is to provide a critical understanding of the extent of judicial control on governmental bodies through an examination of the law of judicial review and the protection of human rights. The module will use case studies and the application of problem-solving techniques to enable a practical application of the subject matter. The central themes of public law including accountability, the rule of law and the separation of powers will be critically developed.

Level 2

Applying Criminology

The aim of this module is to develop the rudimentary and student-centred grasp of 'crime' developed through the more general approach to 'law, crime and order' fostered at foundation level and to subject it to more sustained theoretical, political and practical interrogation. The focus upon crime is a dual one; in that it is at once a subject accessible via direct and indirect experience and one that has the potential to display the interplay between theory and practice. Above all, the module aims to explore the way in which the emergence of Criminology as a discipline is of theoretical, practical and political importance. ‘Applying Criminology?’ examines different public images and theoretical conceptions of crime and criminal justice and the variety of ways in which Criminology can be constructed and used. As such, it addresses the context of ideas about crime and punishment and the theoretical underpinnings of contemporary perspectives on, policies for, and alternatives to, 'crime' control. The module subjects to particular attention the conditions for the generation of a 'crime control' agenda.

Criminal Law

This module will introduce students to the general principles of English Criminal Law, with particular emphasis on the essential elements of a crime, namely 'actus reus' and 'mens rea', strict, vicarious and corporate liability and the defences. But also to the nature of liability in relation to offences against the person, for example, murder, manslaughter, assault and battery, sexual offences and offences in relation to property, for example, theft, fraud and criminal damage will be analysed. This module will enable students to understand the relationship between criminal and civil law and introduce them to the criminal justice system.

European Union Law

The aim of the European Union Law module is to develop students' understanding of the Constitution and Institutions of the European Union and, in particular, the constitutional principles, the administrative and procedural law, and substantive policies of the European Union. Students will be expected to understand the relationship between European Union law and national law; and to appraise the principles of supremacy and direct effect, and the principles of interpretation and Member State liability. The role and jurisdiction of the Court of Justice of the European Union will be examined concerning enforcement, preliminary rulings and judicial review. Students will acquire an understanding of substantive European Union law through the study of the free movement of goods and workers; the freedom to move and reside of citizens of the Union; social policy and equality of treatment and pay in employment; and, in an area of freedom, justice and security, the European arrest warrant and migration and asylum issues.

Land Law

The aim of this module is to develop an in-depth knowledge of the complex subject of land law. Students will explore the property rights which can exist with respect to land law and the relationships that individuals and organisations have with each other and with the state. There will be consideration of freehold and leasehold estates, and registration of land. The nature of legal and equitable rights will be identified with the concept of a trust. Students will study how property rights can be acquired, how they may need protection, and how they may be alientated. Third party interests in land, such as easements, covenants and mortgages, will be examined. There will also be consideration of the obligations existing as between landlord and tenant in leases.

Level 3

Equity and Trusts

The aim is, in part, to build on skills already acquired in the previous two years through other subjects such as legal reasoning and problem solving. Initially, students will be introduced to the doctrine, maxims and remedies of Equity but the main emphasis will be upon the nature of a trust which has always been the principal concern of Equity. The classification, nature and creation of various types of express and implied trusts will be considered together with the appointment, powers and duties of trustees. The law relating to charitable trusts will be examined and the module will conclude with an investigation of the implications of a breach of trust.

Harm, Agency and Regulation

This module investigates the variety of ways in which harmful activities are executed and regulated and evaluates the role of criminalisation within these forms of misconduct. The competing claims of ‘individual/organisational’ agency feature strongly in this module as do the variety of frameworks and the feasibility of imposing ‘realistic’ sanctions. The module makes substantial use of the literature on social harm theory; organisational and corporate crime; white-collar crime/professional wrongdoing; international/transnational crime; and harmful activities – or neglect - by the state. Identifying and then criminalising or regulating economically and intellectually powerful groups as both criminal and or professional is a complex task, and the module will draw upon a range of examples to reflect this.

Law of Tort

The module aims to introduce students to the general principles of civil liability for tortious wrongs. It complements the Contract Law module which is taught at Level One. The Law of Tort is predominantly a common law subject although there are certain statute based torts which are covered by the module. The study of this module necessitates a holistic approach to study, given that a true picture of a tort, i.e. the tort of negligence can only be captured after a study period of at least four weeks. The study of later torts, i.e. psychiatric harm builds upon the foundations laid down in the tort of negligence. It is also necessary to appreciate the social context in which tortious principles and their applications have been developed. The case law often examples the important role that judicial policy plays in determining the extent of tortious liability.

Penology and Penal Policy

This module aims to locate the theory, practice and history of punishment and penal policy in the context of social control in general. As well as addressing the philosophy of punishment, in terms of core concepts of justice, desert, deterrence, retribution, rehabilitation, reparation etc., it seeks to examine the way in which social control is a fundamental aspect of social relations. Thus it examines legal and non-legal forms of social control and examines the complex interrelationships between the two, together with the historical and practical dynamic of each. A major concern is the control of dangerousness, the self, and risk, through legal and extra-legal means, and the increasingly involved or mixed nature of social and legal sanctions. Current penal practice is subject to theoretical examination, especially in relation to punishment in the community, dangerousness, rehabilitation, monetary sanctions, re-integrative shaming, restorative justice and longer than normal sentencing. The place of the prison is addressed both as a historical feature and as an object of reform/abolition. In addition, the nature and future of imprisonment and alternatives to imprisonment are subject to critical attention. Human rights and the impact of victimology upon penology and penal practice are also a core concern. Finally, the issue of forms and practices of resistance to social control are addressed insofar as they illuminate the nature and meaning of social control within society.

War Crimes and Genocide


This module is constructed as an attempt to understand the ‘anatomy’ of war crimes and genocide – their origins, ideological basis, socio-political contexts, the techniques and technologies used and relevant theoretical perspectives. The module considers the historical, philosophical, political and sociological aspects of war crimes and genocide and for this reason it is particularly appealing to students who wish to develop a wider understanding of academic disciplines such as criminology, sociology, international relations, politics, psychology, law and modern and contemporary history.

The module will include consideration of key case-studies which may include Armenia, Rwanda, Sudan, the Former Republic of Yugoslavia, Cambodia and Tibet. This module will also offer some reflections on responses to genocide and discuss the challenges involved in addressing these particular categories of crimes at the international level.

Special Features & Research Highlights

Legal Heritage

Law has a long and illustrious heritage in Lincoln, from the city’s possession of one of only four original copies of the 1215 Magna Carta to the work of its law courts today.

Law Clinic

There will be opportunities outside of seminars to participate in mooting and negotiation competitions either in the University or nationally through the student Law Society. There is also a Law Clinic when students have the opportunity to give advice to fellow-students on legal problems under supervision.

Teaching Excellence

The University of Lincoln won the annual National Award for Excellence in Teaching Criminology from the British Society of Criminology in 2013.

Criminology Research

There is an active and broad academic research base, which includes study in the areas of war crimes, the penal system, philosophy of punishment, the social exclusion of older people, domestic violence, and the policing of lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender people.

Student as Producer

Student as Producer is a development of the University of Lincoln's policy of research-informed teaching to research-engaged teaching. Research-engaged teaching involves more research and research-like activities at the core of the undergraduate curriculum. A significant amount of teaching at the University of Lincoln is already research-engaged.

Student as Producer will make research-engaged teaching an institutional priority, across all colleges and subject areas. In this way students become part of the academic project of the University and collaborators with academics in the production of knowledge and meaning. Research-engaged teaching is grounded in the intellectual history and tradition of the modern university.

Please visit the Student as Producer website for further information. [http://studentasproducer.lincoln.ac.uk/]

Facilities

Lincoln Law School is based in the recently refurbished David Chiddick building, which provides students with teaching and learning space including lecture theatres, workshop rooms, an IT/language lab and a mooting chamber, as well as places to meet and eat with friends.

Career Opportunities

This course is recognised as a qualifying law degree by the professional bodies. This means that graduates can proceed directly to the Bar Professional Training Course or the Legal Practice Course.

Graduates have pursued legal practice and law-related careers. Others use their degrees for careers in the police and criminal justice networks or for securing commissions in the services.

Careers Service

While you are at the University of Lincoln, you will have different services at your disposal that will help you best prepare for your future career.

The University's Careers & Employability Team offers qualified advisors who can work with you to provide tailored, individual support and careers advice during your time at the University and once you graduate.

This service includes one-to-one coaching, CV advice and interview preparation to help you maximise your future opportunities. Having achieved new knowledge and skills, you will be fully supported to fulfil your career ambitions.

The service works closely with local, national and international employers, acting as a gateway to the business world. It advertises a range of graduate positions around the country.

Visit our Careers Service pages for further information. [http://www.lincoln.ac.uk/home/campuslife/studentsupport/studentcareersservice/]

What's Included?

At the University of Lincoln, we provide access to excellent teaching and learning facilities, library materials, laboratories, laboratory equipment, consumables and IT equipment that you would expect to find included in your tuition fee.

In addition, we cover other necessary costs associated with modules which are a compulsory part of your course. These compulsory items are included in your tuition fee.

Fees

2014 Entry UK/EUInternational
Full-time £9,000 per level £11,798 per level
Part-time £75 per credit point £98 per credit point
Placement (optional) Exempt Exempt

 

2015 Entry UK/EUInternational
Full-time £9,000 per level £12,084 per level
Part-time £75 per credit point £101 per credit point
Placement (optional) Exempt Exempt

For further information and for details about funding your study, please see our UK/EU Fees & Funding pages or our International funding and scholarship pages. [www.lincoln.ac.uk/home/studyatlincoln/undergraduatecourses/feesandfunding/] [www.lincoln.ac.uk/home/international/feesandfunding/internationalscholarships/]

The University intends to provide its courses as outlined in these pages. Occasionally provision may be altered in order to meet changing circumstances or to keep courses up to date with trends and developments in subject areas. Specific programme queries should be directed to the teaching department. Fees for all our courses may increase each year in line with government regulations and are subject to change.


Always check our website for the latest information about entry tariffs, fees & funding before making your application to the University.