BA (Hons) Classical Studies

The Course

BA (Hons) Classical Studies at Lincoln offers students the opportunity to become part of a vibrant academic community in a genuine Roman city.

Lincoln was founded as Lindum Colonia, a Roman colony, and has a wealth of Roman history and heritage above and below ground. Traffic still travels through its third-century gate, the Newport Arch. The University sits on the Brayford Pool, a Roman inland port connected to the River Trent by a Roman canal, the Fossdyke.

Scholars at Lincoln research and teach in exciting areas, from the creation and reception of ancient art and culture to literacy in Late Antiquity, from the making of Roman London to the life and legacy of Constantine, from the foundation of Roman London to the fall of Constantinople. We aim to share our research and support students as they access unique resources for their own research, including the amazing artefacts in The Collection archaeological museum, to which we have privileged access.

Classical Studies explore a range of subjects that reflect the variety and richness of research and teaching within the School of History and Heritage and the College of Arts, with experts in history and archaeology, the history of art and architecture, literature and cultural studies, visual and material culture, philosophy and gender studies, cultural and digital heritage, and conservation.

The first year is designed to provide solid foundations in the study of the Classical Civilisation, focusing on the Mediterranean and Near East from 1000 BC to AD 600. Students are introduced to written and archaeological evidence, ancient art and architecture, Latin language and literature, and receive instruction in critical thinking and writing. Together these modules aim to develop the analytical skills that are required to undertake more advanced work.

In the second and third years, a variety of optional modules are available based on the research specialisms of our academic team. In the third year, students produce an extended piece of independent research on a topic of their choice.

Modules may include Ancient Civilisations; Classical Art and Archaeology; The Roman World; The Late Antique World; The Roman City; The Roman Countryside; The Byzantine World; Rome and Constantinople: Monuments and Memory; The Goths; Elementary/Intermediate Latin; Elementary Greek.

Contact Hours and Reading for a Degree

Students on this programme learn from academic staff who are often engaged in world-leading or internationally excellent research or professional practice. Contact time can be in workshops, practical sessions, seminars or lectures and may vary from module to module and from academic year to year. Tutorial sessions and project supervision can take the form of one-to-one engagement or small group sessions. Some courses offer the opportunity to take part in external visits and fieldwork.

It is still the case that students read for a degree and this means that in addition to scheduled contact hours, students are required to engage in independent study. This allows you to read around a subject and to prepare for lectures and seminars through wider reading, or to complete follow up tasks such as assignments or revision. As a general guide, the amount of independent study required by students at the University of Lincoln is that for every hour in class you are expected to spend at least two to three hours in independent study.

Ancient Civilisations (Core)
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Ancient Civilisations (Core)

This module provides an introduction to the historical and archaeological sources, approaches and methods necessary for the study of the ancient world. Lectures provide a survey of key moments in history, 1000 BC-AD 400, structured around the research specialisms of the module teaching team.

Conservation Science 1 (Option)
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Conservation Science 1 (Option)

This module is designed to introduce students to basic chemistry concepts, and the scientific study of materials commonly found in cultural heritage. Students may develop a systematic approach to scientific investigation and examination of historic objects and an understanding to the nature of different materials, technological factors and the processes of deterioration.

Critical Thinking and Writing (Core)
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Critical Thinking and Writing (Core)

This module aims to equip students with the skills necessary to communicate their learning in an academic environment, and also supports students in adjusting to the demands of higher education. The core objective of the module is to develop students’ critical thinking and writing skills.

Elementary Greek (Option)
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Elementary Greek (Option)

An introductory language course, focusing on grammar and vocabulary acquisition with the aim of enabling students to read simple Greek texts.

Elementary Latin (Option)
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Elementary Latin (Option)

A basic language course designed to enable students to read simple Latin texts. Students who enter having taken a Latin A-level will instead study the module 'The Medieval World'.

Friends and Enemies: Conflict, Coexistence and Cultural Encounters Through History (Option)
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Friends and Enemies: Conflict, Coexistence and Cultural Encounters Through History (Option)

This module focuses on social and cultural history and addresses issues of race, class and sexuality, serving additionally to introduce key concepts and themes. The module aims to lead students through a journey: from the study of how ‘public and private’ friendship was conceived in the ancient world; to medieval and early modern reinterpretations, to new definitions in the twentieth century of the terms friends and enemies in a period of highly contested class, gender, and sexual mobility.

Introduction to Visual and Material Culture (Core)
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Introduction to Visual and Material Culture (Core)

This module is designed as an introduction to visual and material culture, embracing the history of art and architecture, historical archaeology, and the conservation of historical buildings. It aims to enable students to interrogate visual and material objects throughout the past and to understand their functions and possible meanings of visual and material objects as primary sources.

Materials, Techniques, Technologies in the History of Art (Option)
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Materials, Techniques, Technologies in the History of Art (Option)

This module explores the relevance of materials and artistic techniques in the understanding and analysis of art and material culture. The concept of materiality has an increasing prominence in the intellectual discourse of Art History, and this module will allow students to engage with this theoretical framework by exploring the relevance of materials and techniques, the processes through which artefacts are constructed. The last part of the module will introduce students to a selection of technologies (especially digital technologies) that assist scholars in the investigation of the past, such as photography, digital mapping and virtual heritage visualisation. In this way, students will be exposed to these technologies not only as investigation tools that they might use, but also as potential career pathways.

Roman Lincoln (Core)
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Roman Lincoln (Core)

An introduction to Roman history, archaeology, visual and material culture, through a study of Lincoln, Lindum Colonia, and the provinces of Roman Britain.

The Greek World (Core)
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The Greek World (Core)

An introduction to archaic and classical Greek history, literature, philosophy, art and archaeology, structured around the research specialisms of the module teaching team.

The Historian’s Craft (Core)
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The Historian’s Craft (Core)

This module focuses on developing students’ research skills in history and their understanding of research as a process of inquiry. The module aims to deepen skills developed in the first term, such as essay writing in history and information literacy, by working alongside staff from the School in analysing primary and secondary sources relating to specific approaches to History.

The Medieval World (Option)
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The Medieval World (Option)

This module offers an introduction to the sources, approaches and methods necessary for the study of the medieval world. Lectures provide a survey of key moments in medieval history from 300-1500, structured around the research specialisms of the module teaching team. The module focuses on issues of religion and power in the Middle Ages, while there is a strong methodological focus on the materiality of the medieval period.

Art and Power: Projecting Authority in the Renaissance World (Option)
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Art and Power: Projecting Authority in the Renaissance World (Option)

Renaissance monarchs often employed artistic display to project royal authority. Ruling elites commissioned pieces of art not only for the embellishment of their residences, but also as a suitable vehicle to display authority. Kings and Queens commissioned tapestries, sculptures, royal palaces, or lavishly decorated printed books that narrated their achievements and omitted their failures. This module examines the diverse ways rulers and their entourage imagined and created an image of kingship through the visual arts.

Britons and Romans, 100 BC-AD 450 (Option)
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Britons and Romans, 100 BC-AD 450 (Option)

This course will examine how and why the culture of Britain changed in the period of increasing contact with, and eventual incorporation into, the Roman Empire. Examining the key material, behavioural, ideological, and structural changes to society in the period c. 100 BC to AD 450, it will question to what degree each aspect was a wholesale incorporation of ‘foreign’ ideas, technologies, and goods, a local interpretation and adoption of these importations into an existing social system, or a local creation that was distinctly Romano-British, if often termed ‘Roman’.

Classical Texts in Context (Core)
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Classical Texts in Context (Core)

Close reading of a single Latin text in translation, developing as a group a commentary to place the chosen work it in its many contexts.

Destroying Art: Iconoclasm through History (Option)
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Destroying Art: Iconoclasm through History (Option)

One of the clearest indications that art matters is when political regimes, religious groups, and individuals go to great lengths to destroy it. This module examines popular acts and official policies of iconoclasm, primarily in Europe and the Middle East, from antiquity to the present. Special attention will be paid to image debates in the formative periods of Jewish, Christian, and Islamic art, and to the systematic destruction of art in the Protestant Reformation, the French Revolution, and in Nazi Germany.

Digital Heritage (Option)
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Digital Heritage (Option)

The cultural heritage sector increasingly offers opportunities for application of these rapidly developing digital technologies, as a communication, research and recording tool. This module offers the opportunity for students to become familiar with some of these advanced recording techniques for the study and recording of objects.

Dissertations and Beyond (Core)
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Dissertations and Beyond (Core)

This module aims to provide a framework for career planning and preparing for the world of work. It also provides the opportunity for students to develop the management skills needed for independent study which is a compulsory part of level three of the programme.

From Caesar to Arthur: The Rise and Fall of Roman Britain (Option)
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From Caesar to Arthur: The Rise and Fall of Roman Britain (Option)

This module seeks to understand the history of Roman involvement in Britain on its own terms and enable students to grasp the importance of local responses to Roman cultural and political influence in the rise and fall of Roman Britain, through exploration of key themes such as: conquest and imperialism; ethnography and the other; religion; cities on the edge of empire; frontiers; military resistance and cooperation; Romanization. Particular focus will be placed on providing students the opportunity to develop a critical appreciation of the usefulness of archaeology to our understanding of the period.

Intermediate Latin (Option)
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Intermediate Latin (Option)

This module offers further study of Latin grammar and syntax, enabling students the opportunity to engage more fully with a wider range of Latin sources. Students can read from a variety of classical Latin texts, including historiography, novels, poetry, inscriptions, and laws.

The Emperor in the Roman World (Option)
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The Emperor in the Roman World (Option)

This module surveys the history of the Roman Empire not as a succession of emperors and achievements, victories and defeats, but as a complex of experiments in government and of attitudes to governance. Beginning with the transition from representative republican rule to the domination of an imperial dynasty and its network of élite dependants in the early first century, and concluding with the incipient takeover of this system by a newly Christianised ruling class in the early fourth century, students can explore the role of the emperor in the Roman world and the patterns of communication between him and his subjects.

The Late Antique World, 300-800 (Option)
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The Late Antique World, 300-800 (Option)

This module is devoted to developing your understanding of the political, social and cultural history of Late Antiquity (300-800), with a particular focus on two world-changing religious developments: rise of Christianity and Islam. Although the geographical focus of our studies will be on eastern Mediterranean lands of an empire ruled from Constantinople, known to later scholars as the Byzantine Empire, the geographical range of the module will be extremely wide (western Europe, including the western Mediterranean, Persia, Arabia, and ‘barbarian’ territories beyond the Roman frontiers on the Rhine and Danube). Lectures will provide a framework of political history and outline key themes, which will be studied in more detail in seminars.

The Rise of Islam: Religion, culture and war in the Middle East (Option)
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The Rise of Islam: Religion, culture and war in the Middle East (Option)

The victories of Arab armies over the forces of the Byzantine and Persian Empires in the seventh century were of monumental importance. Not only did they signal the decline of the two great superpowers of the late ancient world but they were accompanied, some scholars would argue caused, by the rise of a new monotheistic world religion: Islam. The first half of the module seeks to understand the conquests of the Arab armies and the emergence of Islam historically and culturally, in two specific contexts: (1) political conflict between the Persian and Byzantine Empires, during which Arabia often acted as a military frontier and different Arab groups as allies to one side or another; (2) contact and competition between Christianity, Judaism and other religious traditions in Arabia. The second half of the module explores how, after the initial victories over the Byzantine and Persian Empires, the new Islamic polity renewed itself, rolled forward further conquests, and focuses in particular on how an ‘Islamic’ culture was formed.

The Roman World (Core)
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The Roman World (Core)

This module surveys the political, social, economic, and cultural history of the Roman world as a complex conversation amongst written, material, and visual evidence, each not only supplementing the others but also often contributing new and otherwise unheard voices. We will explore the experiences of living, dying, working, and worshipping in the Roman world from the earliest evidence for the city of Rome to the diverse cultures of far-flung provinces. Through an examination of the complex, dynamic, and varied evidence of art, archaeology, architecture, epigraphy, and ancient histories, we will discover and question what it meant to live under the rule of Rome.

Themes in Ancient Greek History and Civilisation (Option)
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Themes in Ancient Greek History and Civilisation (Option)

This module explores a key theme in ancient Greek history and civilisation. Themes will vary from year to year, according to the research interests and specialisms of available staff. Themes may include: Greek Politics: Tyranny, Democracy, and Empire; Slavery and Society; Greek Drama; Archaeology and the Reception of Ancient Greece. Each year the syllabus may change, but emphasis will always be on a single theme explored through time and in detail through the close study textual, material and visual sources.

Understanding Practical Making (Option)
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Understanding Practical Making (Option)

This module is designed to introduce the basic skills of working with glass, ceramic and fine metalwork. It provides an opportunity to investigate the potential and limitations of working with various materials, processes and techniques, associated with the practice of object manufacture against a relevant historical background.

Village detectives: Unearthing new histories (Option)
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Village detectives: Unearthing new histories (Option)

The typical image of a rural village, whether a chocolate box idyll prettily nestled around its church or a commuter dormitory boringly empty of anything fun to do, rarely shows much evidence for anything dramatic, but these places were created by people who lived through events which are almost unimaginable to us today including the Norman Conquest and the Black Death, and for whom a perpetual challenge was simply surviving in a period where barely half of those born lived to adulthood. In this module students will have the opportunity to learn how to critically analyse and interpret historical and archaeological evidence and to use their knowledge and skills to write a new history of any rural settlement of their choice.

Advanced Latin (Option)
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Advanced Latin (Option)

The module offers further study of Latin language, including advanced grammar and syntax, with the aim of enabling students to engage with more complex Latin sources and to approach later Latin, including Medieval Latin. Students will read from a variety of classical Latin texts, including historiography, novels, poetry, inscriptions, panegyrical and other orations, laws. Students will be introduced to later Latin literature, including saints' lives.

Classical Studies Independent Study (Core)
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Classical Studies Independent Study (Core)

Students at level three have to undertake an Independent Study project. This is an extended piece of work that gives them the opportunity to demonstrate they have acquired the skills to undertake detailed and substantial study founded on critical inquiry and analysis.

Classical Studies Work Placement (Option)
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Classical Studies Work Placement (Option)

The module will give students practical experience of the workplace. Students will normally define, plan and undertake a specific project. In addition students will gain experience of a range of tasks appropriate to sector-specific professional skills.

Making Militants: Teaching violence in late antiquity (Option)
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Making Militants: Teaching violence in late antiquity (Option)

Making Militants explores the role of violent teaching practices of various sorts in the making of men and women in late antiquity. Focusing on the fourth, fifth and sixth centuries, it addresses a pivotal period in the transition from the ancient to the medieval world, surveying the multiple small-scale arenas that made up the late antiquity – the household, the schoolroom, the barracks, and the monastery. By reading closely letters, biographical accounts, rulebooks, speeches and a wide range of other sources, we consider how violent educative practices made people who were capable of operating in a changing, unpredictable and often dangerous world. The men and women who were made in such spaces were the products of a society that was fundamentally violent, their own violence a product of long-established socialisation practices rather than acts of anti-social deviance.

Rome and Constantinople: Monuments and Memory, 200-1200 (Option)
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Rome and Constantinople: Monuments and Memory, 200-1200 (Option)

This module is devoted to two cities that were capitals of the Roman Empire, focusing on their monuments and how these were perceived and remembered over centuries. Rome and Constantinople, or Old Rome and New Rome as they came to be called in the East, were imperial cities where the most powerful figures – emperors and patriarchs, popes and saints – of antiquity and the Middle Ages built and destroyed, appropriated and reconfigured spaces, buildings and structures.

The Byzantine World, c.750-c.1500 (Option)
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The Byzantine World, c.750-c.1500 (Option)

This module is devoted to developing an understanding of the political, social and cultural history of the Byzantine World (c. CE 750-c. 1500), with a particular focus on institutions (for example the imperial office, monasteries), practices (warfare, diplomacy, ritual and ceremonial) and material resources (coinage, silks, 'Greek fire'). Byzantine art and architecture, literature and theology, will be studied in addressing aspects of the culture and ideology of the empire.

The Goths: Barbarians through history? (Option)
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The Goths: Barbarians through history? (Option)

This module explores two inter-related questions: Who were the Goths of late antiquity? Why have ideas of ‘Gothic-ness’ recurred so frequently since the end of the last Gothic kingdom in 711 CE? The module analyses historical, archaeological and other evidence for the Goths, their migration into Roman territory and their eventual settlement in Gaul, Spain and Italy in the third to eighth centuries. Drawing on the most recent scholarship, students will have the chance to challenge assumptions that the Goths were archetypal barbarians and caused the fall of the Roman Empire in the West and the dawn of a ‘dark age’.

The Roman City (Option)
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The Roman City (Option)

To the citizens of the Roman world, civility (civilitas) – right conduct of government, sound behaviour of individuals, citizenship itself – was a function of the city (civitas), which constituted the centre of the Roman state and society. This module will take students on a guided tour of the Roman city, using each stop along the way as a point of entry into one or more aspects of the politics, society, economy, and culture of Rome and its empire. Students will be challenged to reimagine urban life via a detailed engagement with a representative array of written, material, and visual sources and the main lines of the secondary literature.

The Roman Countryside (Option)
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The Roman Countryside (Option)

Before the Roman invasion of AD 43, everyone in Britain lived in ‘the countryside’, for the simple reason that there were no cities or towns. Indeed, throughout the four centuries of Roman rule which followed, the vast majority of people still lived outside of urban and military centres. The core objective of this module is an archaeological exploration of the great diversity of evidence, analysing the significance of the changing nature of rural society and the creation of rural landscapes and identities, focusing on Britain from the late pre-Roman Iron Age, through the Roman period, to its sub-Roman aftermath (c. 100 BC–AD 500).

Topics in Ancient Greek History and Civilisation (Option)
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Topics in Ancient Greek History and Civilisation (Option)

This module explores a single topic in ancient Greek history and civilisation. Topics will vary from year to year, according to the research interests and specialisms of available staff. Topics may include: Greek city states (poleis); the Peloponnesian War; Hellenistic Greece; Greece under the Romans; Classical Greek Art and Architecture.

†The availability of optional modules may vary from year to year and will be subject to minimum student numbers being achieved. This means that the availability of specific optional modules cannot be guaranteed. Optional module selection may also be affected by staff availability.

Assessment Feedback

The University of Lincoln's policy on assessment feedback aims to ensure that academics will return in-course assessments to students promptly – usually within 15 working days after the submission date (unless stated differently above)..

Methods of Assessment

The way students are assessed on this course may vary for each module. Examples of assessment methods that are used include coursework, such as written assignments, reports or dissertations; practical exams, such as presentations, performances or observations; and written exams, such as formal examinations or in-class tests. The weighting given to each assessment method may vary across each academic year. The University of Lincoln aims to ensure that staff return in-course assessments to students promptly.

Research Informed

The research of our academic staff directly informs their teaching. The University has expertise ranging from Egyptology to the Reception of Antiquity, with a particular strengths in Roman archaeology, Late Antique and Byzantine history, Early Christian visual and material culture, and Classical art and architecture.

Staff maintain a high research profile through publication in leading journals and prestigious essay collections, regular attendance at key national and international conferences, and as invited speakers or visiting fellows at other institutions, including universities, research centres and museums.

Lincoln Conservation

Lincoln Conservation brings together research, teaching and commercial expertise specialising in architectural paint research and the digital and physical conservation of historic objects, decorative schemes and buildings. The expertise of its consultants has helped to inform the restoration of the Midland Grand Hotel (now known as the St Pancras Renaissance Hotel) and HMS Victory, Southwell Minster, and many other projects.

Student as Producer

Student as Producer is a model of teaching and learning that encourages academics and undergraduate students to collaborate on research activities. It is a programme committed to learning through doing.

The Student as Producer initiative was commended by the QAA in our 2012 review and is one of the teaching and learning features that makes the Lincoln experience unique.

Placement Year

When students are on an optional placement in the UK or overseas or studying abroad, they will be required to cover their own transport and accommodation and meals costs. Placements can range from a few weeks to a full year if students choose to undertake an optional sandwich year in industry.

Students are encouraged to obtain placements in industry independently. Tutors may provide support and advice to students who require it during this process.

2018/19 Entry UK/EUInternational
Full-time £9,250 per level £13,800 per level
Part-time £77.00 per credit point†  N/A
Placement (optional) Exempt Exempt


†Please note that not all courses are available as a part-time option.

For more information and for details about funding your study, please see our UK/EU Fees & Funding pages or our International funding and scholarship pages. [www.lincoln.ac.uk/home/studyatlincoln/undergraduatecourses/feesandfunding/] [www.lincoln.ac.uk/home/international/feesandfunding/]

Additional Costs

For each course students may find that there are additional costs. These may be with regard to the specific clothing, materials or equipment required, depending on their subject area. Some courses provide opportunities for students to undertake field work or field trips. Where these are compulsory, the cost for the travel, accommodation and meals may be covered by the University and so is included in the fee. Where these are optional students will normally (unless stated otherwise) be required to pay their own transportation, accommodation and meal costs.

With regards to text books, the University provides students who enrol with a comprehensive reading list and our extensive library holds either material or virtual versions of the core texts that students are required to read. However, students may prefer to purchase some of these for themselves and will therefore be responsible for this cost. Where there may be exceptions to this general rule, information will be displayed in a section titled Other Costs below.

GCE Advanced Levels: BBC

International Baccalaureate: 29 points overall

BTEC Extended Diploma: Distinction, Merit, Merit

Access to Higher Education Diploma: A minimum of 45 level 3 credits to include 30 at merit or above.

Applicants will also be required to have at least three GCSEs at grade C or above (or equivalent), including English.

Mature students with extensive relevant experience will be selected on individual merit. All relevant work experience should be noted on the application form.

If you would like further information about entry requirements or would like to discuss whether the qualifications you are currently studying are acceptable, please contact the Admissions team on 01522 886097 or email admissions@lincoln.ac.uk.

Learn from Experts

Throughout this degree, students may receive tuition from professors, senior lecturers, lecturers, researchers, practitioners, visiting experts or technicians, and they may also be supported in their learning by other students.

Dr Jamie Wood

Interim Programme Leader

Dr Jamie Wood is a Principal Lecturer in the School of History and Heritage. He specialises in the social and cultural history of the late antique and early Medieval Mediterranean, particularly Spain. Jamie has lectured at the Universities of Sheffield, Warwick and Liverpool, and completed his Leverhulme Early Career Postdoctoral Fellowship at the University of Manchester.


Your Future Career

Classical Studies can enable students to develop skills in textual and visual analysis, reading closely, translating and interpreting, thinking critically and presenting complex information with clarity and authority. Graduates in this discipline may find employment in museums and galleries, publishing and administration, teaching and research, but also in other areas such as advertising, consultancy and PR, and the administrative, managerial, media and financial sectors. Some may continue their study at postgraduate level.

Careers Service

The University Careers and Employability Team offer qualified advisors who can work with students to provide tailored, individual support and careers advice during their time at the University. As a member of our alumni we also offer one-to-one support in the first year after completing a course, including access to events, vacancy information and website resources; with access to online vacancies and virtual resources for the following two years.

This service can include one-to-one coaching, CV advice and interview preparation to help you maximise our graduates future opportunities.

The service works closely with local, national and international employers, acting as a gateway to the business world.

Visit our Careers Service pages for further information http://www.lincoln.ac.uk/home/campuslife/studentsupport/careersservice/.

ClassicalStudiesQuote

"Who on Earth is so careless or lazy that he would not wish to learn how and under what form of government almost all of the inhabited world was conquered and became subject to the rule of Rome in less than 53 years?"

Polybius, Histories 1.1.5

Facilities

At Lincoln, we constantly invest in our campus as we aim to provide the best learning environment for our undergraduates. Whatever the area of study, the University strives to ensure students have access to specialist equipment and resources, to develop the skills, which they may need in their future career.

Students also make the most of the University's award-winning Great Central Warehouse Library, which is home to more than 260,000 books and ebooks and approximately 200,000 print and electronic journals, alongside databases and specialist collections. The Library has a range of different spaces for shared and individual learning.

The University is situated next to the picturesque Brayford Pool marina, just a few minutes' walk away from the thriving city centre, which offers a wealth of shops, restaurants and accommodation.


The University intends to provide its courses as outlined in these pages, although the University may make changes in accordance with the Student Admissions Terms and Conditions.