Biofeedback in Sport

Enhancing Sport Performance

The BIO group aims to apply and understand realtime biofeedback in enhancing sport performance. Biofeedback, particularly in realtime, has rarely been used in applications to sport. Using a mixture of fundamental laboratory and applied field based studies we aim to understand the processes and uses of biofeedback in sports performers.

For more information please see below, or visit our Research blog page and Twitter

What are we Doing?

The BIO’s research aims are to apply and understand realtime biofeedback in enhancing sport and human performance. This has been applied to improve performance of top-level rifle shooters, to understand the effects of hypnotic drugs, and is being applied in the development of young golfers’ skills. 


Why is it important?

Human movement is fundamental to all the actions we perform whether it be for sport, leisure or work. The study of this movement is known as biomechanics, which has been performed for centuries. The ever increasing capabilities of technology allow biomechanics to continually investigate how humans, and other living and moving organisms, are able to achieve and improve their motions.    


How are we different?

There are many approaches to biomechanics, but our particular specialism is to use biofeedback, which involves measuring movement in ‘realtime’ and providing information to the performer instantaneously. The information can be simple and complex, and so we investigate the most suitable and effective way to use this information so that the person can understand and use the biofeedback to improve technique.




Academic Staff


Prof David Mullineaux

Professor in Sports Science

Dr Sandy Willmott

Senior Lecturer

Mr Franky Mulloy

Research Fellow


Research PGs 


Joseph Moore

PhD Student

Jonathan Schofield

PhD Student

Biofeedback in Sport - 10 latest outputs 

The effect of a 10-week complex training programme, utilising optimal PAP recovery duration, on the sprint, power and agility capabilities of elite academy footballers

Purpose: Complex training alternates a high-load strength exercise (85%> of 1RM) with an explosive or plyometric exercise, set-to-set, in...

The ‘Full Monty’: a collaborative institutional approach to student engagement

Student engagement has become a prominent focus within the higher education sector, the recent emphasis for promoting student engagement has...

Producing employable graduates in sport: maximising the benefits of volunteering

Concern has been expressed about the low proportion of sports graduates finding careers within the field (Minten, 2010). Recently-commission...

Virtual sports governance: a figurational analysis of social network development and transformation during the ‘Workplace Challenge’ online programme

County Sports Partnerships (CSPs) epitomise the change from a government to governance approach in UK sports provision as their operation re...

An evaluation of Lincolnshire Sports’ ‘Workplace Challenge’ physical activity programme

This report presents an evaluation of the Workplace Challenge, a County Sport Partnership led physical activity programme which utilises a w...

Reproducibility of speed, agility and power assessments in elite academy footballers

Purpose: Fitness testing is a visible part of many youth and senior football programs (Pyne et al. 2014). A high priority is given to physic...

The effect of plyometric training on handspring vault performance in adolescent female gymnasts

Purpose: Despite the huge amount of force exerted by both the upper and lower extremity musculature in gymnastic vaulting, there is scant re...

The effects of playground markings on the physical self-perceptions of 10-11 year-old school children

Background: Significant proportions of school children in the UK do not meet the minimum recommended daily requirements of 60-min moderate-i...

The importance of parents and teachers as stakeholders in school-based healthy eating programs

Schools have a crucial role for promoting and establishing healthy behaviors early in the life-course. In recent years, a substantial effort...

Effectiveness of a sport-specific resistance and plyometric training programme: The case of an elite under-19 junior badminton player

Purpose: The use of resistance and plyometric training (RPT) to aid the development of sport-specific anaerobic capabilities is becoming wid...


Former Para-athlete Kelda Wood on Working with the Human Performance Centre

Former Para-athlete Kelda Wood visited the Human Performance Centre in preparation for her attempt to solo row the Atlantic from East to West. She will be the first solo adaptive person to ever attempt this crossing and only the 6th ever solo female. She's linking the campaign strongly to the charity Climbing Out and aims to "Raise awareness, Raise funds and Raise hope for young people facing life changing challenges”. Franky Mulloy, Research Fellow in Biomechanics, explains the technology and support the university will be providing to help Kelda achieve her goal.